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Table 4 Resident appraisal of virtual model educational value

From: Comparison of cadaveric and isomorphic virtual haptic simulation in temporal bone training

Educational evaluation statement Mean agreement level ± SD (1 = strongly disagree, 7 = strongly agree)
This is an effective training instrument 5.4 ± 1.5
This instrument is an accurate reproduction of the temporal bone 5.7 ± 1.4
This instrument should be integrated into resident education 5.5 ± 1.4
This form of simulation can replace the cadaveric temporal bone lab 2.5 ± 2.3
This simulation provides a basis for appreciating the relative anatomy of temporal bone structures 6.1 ± 1.9
This simulated surgery improves confidence 5.3 ± 1.9
Increased exposure to this simulation would improve resident surgical performance 5.3 ± 1.8
Increased exposure to this simulation would improve resident comfort with actual patient surgery 5.4 ± 1.8
This simulation facilitates practice of skills across a range of anatomical and pathologic variations (sclerotic, low dura, disease) 5.6 ± 1.8