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Table 1 Patient characteristics and their associations with indicators of severe DNSI

From: Factors associated with severe deep neck space infections: targeting multiple fronts

Clinical characteristic N (%) OR I&D Post-op ICU LOS > 3d
Age > 55 years   0.50 0.45 0.12
< 55 years 18 (72) 12 (67) 8 (44) 14 (78)
> 55 years 7 (28) 4 (57) 4 (57) 3 (43)
Gender   0.41 0.16 0.08
Males 16 (64) 11 (69) 6 (67) 13 (82)
Females 9 (36) 5 (56) 6 (38) 4 (44)
Race   0.69 0.62 0.68
Caucasian 22 (88) 14 (64) 11 (50) 15 (68)
First Nations 2 (8) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50)
East Indian 1 (4) 1 (100) 0 (0) 1 (100)
Smoking status   0.79 0.43 0.04
Non-smoker 13 (52) 9 (69) 6 (46) 7 (54)
Smoker 12 (48) 7 (58) 6 (50) 10 (83)
Alcohol consumption   0.39 0.46 0.53
Non-daily 20 (80) 12 (60) 9 (45) 14 (70)
Daily 5 (20) 4 (80) 3 (60) 3 (60)
Season of presentation   0.26 0.44 0.37
Non-winter 9 (36) 7 (78) 5 (56) 7 (78)
Winter 16 (64) 9 (56) 7 (44) 10 (63)
Airway status on presentation   <0.001 0.03 0.13
No distress 10 (40) 2 (20) 2 (20) 5 (50)
In distress 15 (60) 14 (93) 10 (67) 12 (80)
Deep neck spaces involved   0.64 0.64 0.27
Single 19 (76) 12 (63) 9 (47) 14 (74)
Multiple 6 (24) 4 (67) 3 (50) 3 (50)
Microbiology   0.03 0.42 0.08
Strep. species 13 (52) 11 (85) 7 (54) 6 (50)
Other 12 (48) 5 (42) 5 (42) 11 (85)
  1. Abbreviations: N, number; OR, operating room; I&D, incision and drainage; Post-op, post-operative; ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of hospital stay; d, days.
  2. Legend: brackets, percentage; bold, statistical significance.
  3. Data given as: p-value.
  4. number (percent).
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