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Table 1 Patient demographics bilateral vocal fold immobility (n = 48)

From: Bilateral vocal fold immobility: a 13 year review of etiologies, management and the utility of the empey index

Demographics (n = 48) n (%)
Gender  
Male 13 (27 %)
Female 35 (73 %)
Documented Smokers 7 (17 %)
Diagnosis  
Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis 33 (68 %)
Joint Fixation 12 (25 %)
Combination 1 (2 %)
Unknown 2 (4 %)
Presentation  
Airway Obstruction 36 (75 %)
Dysphonia 6 (13 %)
Dysphagia/Aspiration 2 (4 %)
Other 2 (4 %)
Unknown 2 (4 %)