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Table 1 Summary of demographics and baseline outcome measures. Although scores for the change in NOSE and the percentage change in NOSE relative to baseline are presented, this data has not been controlled for the covariates included in the ANOVA model

From: A prospective cohort study assessing the clinical utility of the Cottle maneuver in nasal septal surgery

Variable   All Patients Positive Cottle Negative Cottle p-value
Patient Count N 141 95 46 n/a
Age Mean 41.3 40.4 43.4 0.17a
SD 13.4 12 16.3
Gender % Female 28.5 23.1 41.9 0.007b
Baseline NOSE Mean 13.3 13.1 13.7 0.43a
SD 4.06 4.1 3.9
12 Month NOSE Mean 4.1 4.2 4.2 0.57a
SD 4.6 4.6 4.5
Change in NOSE Mean 9.1 8.9 9.5 0.78a
SD 5.7 5.8 5.6
% Change in NOSE Mean 67.5 66.8 68.8 0.81a
SD 35.8 36.9 33.5
Surgical Failure n 14 9 5 0.99b
% of Total 9.9 9.5 10.5
  1. N number of patients, SD standard deviation, NOSE nasal obstruction symptom index, n/a not applicable
  2. atwo-sample t-test, b Chi-square test