Skip to main content

Table 3 Number and grading of complications according to the Buzby [27] and Dindo [28] classifications

From: Effect of preoperative immunonutrition on complications after salvage surgery in head and neck cancer

Grade Definition Control
n = 45
Intervention
n = 51
p-value
Buzby classification (local complications) [27]
I Redness, swelling, wound not opened 0 (0%) 1 (2%) 0.27
II As Grade I, but wound opened, dehiscence 5 (11%) 3 (6%)
III Pus visible in wound 5 (11%) 3 (6%)
IV Fasciitis with surgical debridement 0 (0%) 2 (4%)
Dindo classification (local and systemic complications) [28]
I Any deviation from the normal postoperative course without the need of pharmacological treatment or surgical, endoscopic, or radiological intervention 8 (18%) 5 (10%) 0.52
II Requiring pharmacological treatment 11 (24%) 5 (10%)
III Requiring surgical, endoscopic, or radiological intervention 5 (11%) 7 (14%)
IV Life-threatening complication requiring intensive care management 2 (4%) 1 (2%)
V Death of patient 0 (0%) 0 (0%)