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Table 3 Associations between baseline characteristics and OPTION scores

From: Perceptions and observations of shared decision making during pediatric otolaryngology surgical consultations

Parent Factors Spearman’s rho or Mann-Whitney U and Z scoreª or Kruskal-Wallis (Chi-square, df)¥ Significance
Parent age 0.05 0.793
Parent gender 3.056, 3¥ 0.764
Ethnicity 4.345, 5¥ 0.818
Parent education 6.496, 5¥ 0.261
Marital status 1.250, 4¥ 0.945
Family income 1.015, 5¥ 0.363
Consulting surgeon 1.154, 5¥ 0.450
Time with surgeon 0.561 < 0.001
Type of surgery 0.004 0.964
Previous surgical experience (yes or no) 645.5, −0.015ª 0.211
Parent perceptions of shared decision making (SDM-Q-9) 0.076 0.415
Surgeon perceptions of shared decision making (SDM-Q-Doc) 0.110 0.236
  1. df-degrees of freedom
  2. †Spearman’s rho
  3. ªMann-Whitney U and Z score
  4. ¥Kruskal-Wallis (Chi-square, df)