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Table 3 The content validity scores by otolaryngologists and resident trainees

From: Assessment of a virtual reality temporal bone surgical simulator: a national face and content validity study

Content Validity
Domains Junior Trainees (PGY 1–2) Senior Trainees (PGY 3+) Low-volume Surgeons (0–10 Mastoids/year) High-volume Surgeons (> 10 Mastoids/year) p-value*
Useful for Teaching Anatomy SA SA SA SA ns
Useful for Teaching Surgical Planning SA SA SA SA ns
Useful for Teaching Drilling Technique SA A SA A 0.011
Useful for Teaching Instrument Navigation & Movement A A A N ns
Useful for Teaching Hand/Eye Coordination SA A SA A ns
Overall Teaching Utility SA A SA A 0.06
  1. SA = Strongly Agree, A = Agree, N=Neutral, ns = not significant
  2. * chi-sqaure test, p ≤ 0.05 considered significant