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Table 6 Open-ended feedback from otolaryngologists and resident trainees

From: Assessment of a virtual reality temporal bone surgical simulator: a national face and content validity study

Open-ended question summary


Resident Trainees

Attending Surgeons

Advantages of CardinalSim

Learning anatomy, teaching anatomy, patient-specific practice

Reduce cadaveric laboratory costs, teaching residents

(emphasis on junior), patient-specific drilling

Limitations of CardinalSim

Ergonomics, haptics, lack of soft tissue structures (blood, fascia, skin, muscles)

Haptics, no simulation of blood, ergonomics

Role in patient consent and education

Generally agree with potential role

Mixed response

Timing / location of pre-operative drilling

24–48 h before OR / Clinic

24–48 h before OR / Clinic

Potential benefits of CardinalSim

Increased confidence, reduced OR times, reduced complications

Reduced OR time, reduced complicatons