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Table 5 Symptom Incidence by Patient or Perioperative Risk Factor

From: Long-term symptom control following resection of cervical lymphatic malformations: a case series

Risk FactorRednessSwellingPain
Residual disease16/2721/2714/27
No residual disease12/1613/164/16
 p = 0.3p = 1p = 0.1
Lower stage (1 to 2)18/2921/2912/29
Higher stage (3 to 5)10/1413/146/14
 p = 0.7p = 0.2p = 1
Purely macrocystic8/1310/136/13
Microcystic and mixed20/3024/3012/30
 p = 0.7p = 1p = 0.7
No seroma18/3021/3012/29
Seroma10/1313/136/14
 p = 0.5p = 0.04p = 1
Age < 715/2319/235/23
Age ≥ 713/2015/2013/20
 p = 1p = 0.7p = 0.006
Male13/2116/218/21
Female15/2218/2210/22
 p = 0.8p = 0.7p = 0.8
Surgery before 201215/2216/229/22
Surgery 2012 and after13/2118/219/21
 p = 0.8p = 0.5p = 1
Drain ≤2 days23/3526/3515/35
Drain > 2 days5/88/83/8
 p = 1p = 0.2p = 0.4
  1. Patient and perioperative risk factors and association with postoperative surgical site symptoms during viral URIs. Fisher’s exact test used for comparisons