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Table 3 General location for IP malignant transformation surveillance

From: Clinical evidence based review and systematic scientific review in the identification of malignant transformation of inverted papilloma

Study authorsYearStudy designLevel of evidenceStudy groupsInterventionOutcomeConclusion
Lin et al. [14]2014Observational studyC129 patients, 19 SCC (14.7%)Medical history reviewed.IP requires follow up of more than 2 years. 5 year survival for IP with SCC is 61%. No clear predictors of malignancy were seen in this study.Smoking impacts carcinomatous progression. The most common lesion location was the medial maxillary sinus, maxillary sinus and ethmoid sinus. The interval between initial resection and diagnosis of malignancy was 73 months.
Mazlina et al. [15]2006Case reportD1N/AN/AA case with a multicentric IP in the sinonasal region and middle ear of a 54 year old man.
Bernat et al. [16]1998Case reportD1N/AN/AA case where an epidermoid carcinoma developed from the inverted papilloma.
Dingle et al. [17]2012Case reportD1N/AN/AThe first case of bilateral IP of the middle ear with intracranial involvement and malignant transformation.
Mathew et al. [18]2012Case reportD1N/AN/AA case of SIP (malignant) with neck metastasis.
Islam et al. [19]2014Case reportD1N/AN/AA case with IP transformation to SCC of the lacrimal sac, bilateral, and development of distant metastasis.
Sharma et al. [20]2015Case studyD1N/AN/AFollow up should include complete head and neck examination for patients with a typical SIP, as SIP can be re-occur in many locations.
Balasubramani et al. [21]2009Case studyD1N/AN/AIP-SCC can invade into the pituitary fossa mimicking a pituitary macroadenoma.
Garcia et al. [22]2014Case studyD1N/AN/AA case of IP-SCC arise from maxillary sinus extending to the mouth