Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient Characteristics

From: The impact of a quality management program for patients undergoing head and neck resection with free-flap reconstruction: longitudinal study examining sustainability

CharacteristicNumber of cases (%)*p-value
Baseline (2005–2009) n = 48Early pathway (2011–2012) n = 53Current pathway (2012–2018) n = 333
Gender
 Male32 (67%)35 (66%)233 (70%)ns
 Female16 (33%)18 (34%)100 (30%) 
Age (yrs)
 Mean (SD)63.5 (13.2)62.2 (12.1)61.7 (12.2)ns
 Range22.9–84.932.8–88.021.2–89.0 
Alcohol consumption   ns
 Never Drinker11 (23%)8 (15%)68 (20%) 
 Ex Drinker4 (8%)4 (8%)81 (24%) 
 Current Drinker25 (52%)36 (68%)40 (12%) 
 Not Reported8 (17%)5 (9%)51 (15%) 
Smoking status   ns
 Never Smoked17 (35%)15 (28%)83 (25%) 
 Ex Smoker15 (31%)17 (32%)108 (32%) 
 Current Smoker12 (25%)18 (34%)100 (30%) 
 Not Reported4 (8%)3 (6%)42 (13%) 
Comorbidities   ns
 Diabetes3 (6%)5 (9%)43 (13%) 
 COPD9 (19%)12 (23%)41 (12%) 
 Hypertension23 (48%)23 (43%)139 (42%) 
 Heart Disease11 (23%)52 (16%) 
Primary site   ns
 Oral Cavity40 (83%)42 (79%)222 (67%) 
 Skin1 (2%)1 (2%)31 (9%) 
 Paranasal Sinus2 (4%)2 (4%)22 (7%) 
 Other Site5 (10%)8 (15%)58 (17%) 
Histology   0.003*
 Squamous Cell44 (92%)48 (91%)264 (80%) 
 Other Cancer4 (8%)2 (4%)52 (16%) 
 Benign0 (0%)1 (2%)17 (5%) 
 Not Reported0 (0%)2 (4%)0 (0%) 
Clinical stage   ns
 01 (2%)3 (6%)8 (2%) 
 I1 (2%)6 (11%)29 (9%) 
 II5 (10%)6 (11%)47 (14%) 
 III8 (17%)9 (17%)36 (11%) 
 IV25 (52%)24 (45%)163 (49%) 
 Not Stated8 (17%)5 (9%)50 (15%) 
Number of free flaps   ns
 146 (96%)53 (100%)313 (94%) 
 22 (4%)0 (0%)20 (6%) 
  1. *Chi-squared or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate