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Table 5 Logistic regression and crosstabs analysis of the correlations between the presence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions at each observation time or comorbidities and the need for hospitalization

From: Do olfactory and gustatory psychophysical scores have prognostic value in COVID-19 patients? A prospective study of 106 patients

Observation time In-patient
N° of patients (%)
Out-patients
N° of patients (%)
Odds ratio 95% confidence interval for odds ratio p-value
Lower limit Upper limit
Hospitalization / Olfactory dysfunction
T0
  Dysfunction group 18 (26.9%) 49 (73.1%) 0.827 0.347 1.970 0.66
  Normal group 12 (30.8%) 27 (69.2%)
T1
  Dysfunction group 18 (31%) 40 (69%) 1.350 0.572 3.184 0.52
  Normal group 12 (25%) 36 (75%)
T2
  Dysfunction group 15 (48.4%) 16 (51.6%) 3.750 1.519 9.256 0.005
  Normal group 15 (20%) 60 (80%)
Hospitalization / Gustatory dysfunction
T0
  Dysfunction group 23 (32.4%) 48 (67.6%) 1.917 0.730 5.036 0.25
  Normal group 7 (20%) 28 (80%)
T1
  Dysfunction group 8 (27.6%) 21 (72.4%) 0.952 0.367 2.469 > 0.99
  Normal group 22 (28.6%) 55 (71.4%)
T2
  Dysfunction group 5 (41.7%) 7 (58.3%) 1.971 0.573 6.782 0.31
  Normal group 25 (26.6%) 69 (73.4%)
Hospitalization / Comorbidities
 Yes 16 (50%) 16 (50%) 4.286 1.734 10.591 0.002
 No 14 (18.9%) 60 (81.1%)