Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics and results

From: Development of a pediatric obstructive sleep apnea triage algorithm

Categorical variables Received AT (n) No AT (n) P-value Univariate OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) a
Female 55.2% (79/143) 42.7% (128/293) 0.04 1.50 (1.03–2.20) 1.71 (1.05–2.80)
Family income > $60,000 91.9% (124/135) 94.3% (265/281) 0.14 0.14 (0.28–1.20) 0.23 (0.80–0.69)
Ever snore? Yes 93.7% (134/143) 87.0% (261/300) 0.05 1.95 (0.99–3.85) 1.13 (0.47–2.69)
Struggle to breathe while asleep? Yes 56.0% (80/143) 37.7% (113/300) 0.00 2.53 (1.61–3.99) 2.11 (1.19–3.73)
Witnessed apneas? Yes 46.2% (66/143) 27% (81/300) 0.00 3.23 (1.94–5.36) 2.40 (1.27–4.52)
Mouth breathes during the day? Yes 74.8% (107/143) 56% (169/300) 0.00 2.24 (1.36–3.69) 2.20 (1.16–4.16)
Dry mouth in the morning? Yes 62.2% (89/143) 48% (144/300) 0.01 2.50 (1.40–4.48) 1.90 (0.92–3.92)
Tonsil Score 3 16.8% (24/143) 14.7% (44/300) 0.00 3.41 (1.57–7.39) 2.55 (1.01–6.45)
Tonsil Score 4 26.6% (38/143) 9% (27/300) 0.00 7.96 (3.63–17.45) 5.71 (2.19–14.87)
At least one parent reported RLS symptom 85.3% (122/143) 82.3% (247/300) 0.53 1.18 (0.71–1.97) 1.25 (0.65–2.41)
At least two parent-reported GERD symptoms 19.6% (28/143) 26.3% (79/300) 0.01 1.77 (1.11–2.83)
1.53 (0.84–2.78)
NOSE score of 10 or greater 81.8% (117/143) 67% (201/300) 0.01
Tonsil size (Grade 0) 0.02% (3/143) 0% (0/300)    
Tonsil size (Grade 1) 7.0% (10/143) 16.7% (50/300) 0.85 0.94 (0.47–1.86) 0.28 (0.11–0.62)
Tonsil size (Grade 2) 26.6% (38/143) 14% (42/300) 0.00 3.6 (2.12–6.12) 1.17 (0.56–2.42)
Tonsil size (Grade 3 and 4) 40.6% (58/143) 9.3% (28/300) 0.00 7.84 (4.54–13.54) 2.37 (1.17–4.82)
McGill oximetry score (2+) 12.6% (18/143) 4% (12/300) 0.001 3.42 (1.62–7.21) 1.34 (0.57–3.15)
Continuous variables
Categorical variables Received AT No AT P-value Univariate OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) a
Age in years (SD, range) 7.5 (3.4, 1.5–16.9) 8.5 (3.6, 0.89–17.8) 0.73 0.94 (0.89–1.00) 0.99 (0.91–1.06)
  1. aAdjusted for ENT surgeon