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Table 2 Indications for Surgery in the Open Fistulectomy Group (n = 9)

From: Outcomes of endoscopic chemo- and laser-cauterizations and open fistulectomy for pyriform sinus fistula

Case Sex Age (years) Affected side Indication of surgery Operative procedure
1 Female 21 Left Before introduction of endoscopic treatment Lo + Fx
2 Male 62 Left Before introduction of endoscopic treatment Fx
3 Male 9 Left Co-existing fistula between thyroid and esophageal diverticulum Lo + Fx
4 Female 15 Left Co-existing papillary thyroid carcinoma Lo + Fx + CND
5 Male 17 Left Large and long funnel-shaped fistula Lo + Fx
6 Female 54 Left Cannot detect the orifice of the PSF under laryngoscopy Pl + Fx
7 Female 35 Left Insufficient opening of the mouth Lo + Fx
8 Female 46 Left Insufficient opening of the mouth Fx
9 Female 56 Right Insufficient opening of the mouth Fx
  1. CND central neck dissection, Fx fistulectomy, Lo hemithyroidectomy, Pl partial hemithyroidectomy, PSF pyriform sinus fistula