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Table 2 Surgical outcomes and Follow-up

From: Impact of gender on the prognosis of carotid body tumor after surgical resection

Univariate variables Male (n = 109) Female (n = 217) P value
EBL (ml) 974.0 ± 763.2 690.8 ± 583.7 .021
Perioperative complications    
 Cerebral infarction 2 (1.8) 5 (2.3) 1.000
 Postoperative hypotension 1 (0.9) 3 (1.4) 1.000
 Laryngeal obstruction 1 (0.9) 0 .334
Nerve injury*    
 Any nerve injury 45 (38.5) 58 (26.7) .008
 Facial nerve 7 (6.4) 10 (4.6) .667
 Glossopharyngeal nerve 4 (3.6) 12 (5.5) .592
 Vagus nerve 29 (26.6) 36 (16.6) .032
 Accessory nerve 3 (2.8) 4 (1.8) .690
 Hypoglossal nerve 35 (32.1) 44 (20.2) .019
 Superior laryngeal nerve 3 (2.8) 4 (1.8) .690
 Recurrent laryngeal nerve 1 (0.9) 3 (1.4) 1.000
 Multiple nerves injuries 25 (22.9) 31 (14.2) .051
Perioperative mortality 0 1 (0.5) 1.000
Follow-up (mo) 62.5 ± 33.6 60.5 ± 33.6 .601
Local recurrence 15 (13.8) 12 (5.5) .011
Distant metastasis 18 (16.5) 17 (7.8) .096
Stroke 8 (7.3) 15 (6.9) .554
Permanent nerve injury 18 (16.5) 23 (10.6) .330
Deceased 7 (6.4) 8 (3.7) .220
Withdraw 9 (8.3) 14 (6.4) .548
  1. Data are presented as n (%) or mean ± SD unless stated otherwise
  2. *Include Horner syndrome, hoarseness, dysphagia, tongue muscle atrophy, local paralysis, EBL Estimated blood loss