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  1. Marijuana is the most widely used illicit substance in Canada. To date, no conclusive study has looked at the epidemiologic basis of marijuana use and head and neck cancer (HNC). Due to the imminent recreation...

    Authors: Michael Xie, Michael K. Gupta, Stuart D. Archibald, B. Stanley Jackson, James Edward Massey Young and Han Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:73
  2. Minimally Invasive Ponto Surgery (MIPS) was recently described to facilitate the placement of percutaneous bone anchored hearing devices. As early adopters of this new procedure, we sought to perform a quality...

    Authors: Yaeesh Sardiwalla, Nicholas Jufas and David P. Morris
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:71
  3. Portable educational technologies, like simulators, afford students the opportunity to learn independently. A key question in education, is how to pair self-regulated learning (SRL) with direct instruction. A ...

    Authors: Josie Xu, Paolo Campisi, Vito Forte, Brian Carrillo, Allan Vescan and Ryan Brydges
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:70
  4. Secretory Carcinoma (SC) is a recently described malignancy affecting salivary glands of the head and neck, with a paucity of evidence regarding the natural history, morbidity, and mortality. This study aimed ...

    Authors: David Forner, Martin Bullock, Daniel Manders, Timothy Wallace, Christopher J. Chin, Liane B. Johnson, Matthew H. Rigby, Jonathan R. Trites, Mark S. Taylor and Robert D. Hart
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:69
  5. Skin engraftment of intraoral defects is known to be inconsistent due to mobility of the oral structure, uneven wounds, and accumulation of saliva under the skin graft. To improve the success rate of oral skin...

    Authors: Eunkyu Lee, Song I Park, Donghyeok Kim, Hokyung Jin and Han-Sin Jeong
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:68
  6. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects up to 16% of the population. When medical treatment fails, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is considered. The value of resecting the middle turbinate to optimize surgical ou...

    Authors: Marc-Antoine Hudon, Erin D. Wright, Etienne Fortin-Pellerin and Marie Bussieres
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:67
  7. Hemotympanum refers to both the presence of blood in the middle ear cavity and to ecchymosis of the tympanic membrane (TM), and a systematic study of intra-TM (iTM) hemorrhage without bleeding in the middle ea...

    Authors: Chang-Hee Kim and Jung Eun Shin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:66
  8. Accurate localization of parathyroid adenomas is of critical importance in surgical planning for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. SPECT/CT is considered the investigation of choice but has limitations reg...

    Authors: Rachelle A. LeBlanc, Andre Isaac, Jonathan Abele, Vincent L. Biron, David W. J. Côté, Matthew Hearn, Daniel A. O’Connell, Hadi Seikaly and Jeffrey R. Harris
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:65
  9. Propofol and remifentanil intravenous combination is one popular form of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) in mainstream clinical practice, but it has rarely been applied to a rat model for laryngoscopy and ...

    Authors: M. Gazzaz, J. Saini, S. Pagliardini, B. Tsui, C. Jeffery and H. El-Hakim
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:64
  10. To date, no single molecular marker has been demonstrated as clinically useful in differentiating malignant from benign thyroid nodules when a fine needle aspiration falls in the “unknown significance” categor...

    Authors: Laurent Fradet, Rabia Temmar, Frédéric Couture, Mathieu Belzile, Pierre-Hugues Fortier and Robert Day
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:63
  11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of induction chemotherapy followed by surgery in locally advanced unresectable stage IVb laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC).

    Authors: Pichit Sittitrai, Donyarat Reunmarkkaew and Saisaward Chaiyasate
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:62
  12. Given mounting pressure of work hour restrictions, resource constraints, and variability of clinical exposure, Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS) residency training has shifted away from the apprentices...

    Authors: Justin T Lui, Evan D Compton, Won Hyung A Ryu and Monica Y Hoy
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:61
  13. Recent guidelines for the management of thyroid nodules incorporate mutation testing as an adjunct for surgical decision-making, however current tests are costly with limited accuracy. Droplet digital PCR (ddP...

    Authors: Vincent L. Biron, Ashlee Matkin, Morris Kostiuk, Jordana Williams, David W. Cote, Jeffrey Harris, Hadi Seikaly and Daniel A. O’Connell
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:60
  14. Head and neck carcinomas (HNCs) collectively are the sixth most common cancer with an annual incidence of about 400,000 cases in the US. The most well-established risk factors for HNCs are tobacco and alcohol ...

    Authors: Changxing Liu, Daljit Mann, Uttam K. Sinha and Niels C. Kokot
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:59
  15. To determine the impact of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) status on speech, swallowing, and quality of life (QOL) outcomes after surgical treatment of oropharyngeal cancer (OPSCC).

    Authors: Hani Z. Marzouki, Vincent L. Biron, Peter T. Dziegielewski, Andrew Ma, Jason Vaz, Gabriela Constantinescu, Jeffrey Harris, Daniel O’Connell and Hadi Seikaly
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:58
  16. To describe and evaluate a four step systematic approach to dissecting the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) starting at the cricothyroid junction during thyroid surgery (subsequently referred to as the retrogra...

    Authors: Oleksandr Butskiy, Brent A. Chang, Kimberly Luu, Robert M. McKenzie and Donald W. Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:57
  17. An Infectious Disease vaccine specialist joined our institution’s Cochlear Implant Team in 2010 in order to address the high percentage of non-compliance to immunization prior to surgery identified previously ...

    Authors: Lisa Jin, Paula Téllez, Ruth Chia, Daphne Lu, Neil K. Chadha, Julie Pauwels, Simon Dobson, Hazim Al Eid and Frederick K. Kozak
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:56
  18. Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cells are capable of secreting various tumor markers including calcitonin and carcinoembyronic antigen (CEA). The purpose of this study is to determine whether abnormal CEA level...

    Authors: Sena Turkdogan, Véronique-Isabelle Forest, Michael P. Hier, Michael Tamilia, Anca Florea and Richard J. Payne
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:55
  19. Dizziness is a common presenting symptom in the emergency department (ED). The HINTS exam, a battery of bedside clinical tests, has been shown to have greater sensitivity than neuroimaging in ruling out stroke...

    Authors: Alexandra E. Quimby, Edmund S. H. Kwok, Daniel Lelli, Peter Johns and Darren Tse
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:54
  20. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has an improved outcome and may allow for treatment de-escalation. High-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection is associated with deregulat...

    Authors: Michaela Plath, Martina A. Broglie, Diana Förbs, Sandro J. Stoeckli and Wolfram Jochum
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:53
  21. Patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS) are faced with complex management decisions. Watchful waiting, surgical resection, and radiation are all viable options with associated risks and benefits. We sought t...

    Authors: M. Elise Graham, Brian D. Westerberg, Jane Lea, Paul Hong, Simon Walling, David P. Morris, Andrea L. O. Hebb, Rochelle Galleto, Emily Papsin, Maeve Mulroy, Hannah Foggin and Manohar Bance
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:52
  22. The American Thyroid Association published revised guidelines in 2015 on the management of differentiated thyroid cancer in adults. One of the key changes introduced in the revision proposes that diagnostic bi...

    Authors: D. S. Chan, K. Gong, M. G. Roskies, V. I. Forest, M. P. Hier and R. J. Payne
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:51
  23. Cochlear implant (CI) insertion depth can affect residual hearing preservation, tonotopic range coverage, and Mapping. Therefore, determining insertion depth has the potential to maximize CI performance. A pos...

    Authors: Vinay Fernandes, Yiqiao Wang, Robert Yeung, Sean Symons and Vincent Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:50
  24. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in one of the author names. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author names are listed.

    Authors: Jason K. Wasserman, Ryan Rourke, Bibianna Purgina, Lisa Caulley, Jim Dimitroulakos, Martin Corsten and Stephanie Johnson-Obaseki
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:49

    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2017 46:3

  25. Patients with a ventricular assist device (VAD) are at risk for epistaxis due to the need for anticoagulation. Additionally, these patients develop acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AvWS) due to these devices....

    Authors: Clifford Scott Brown, Ralph Abi-Hachem and David Woojin Jang
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:48
  26. An analysis of the scope of practice of recent Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) graduates working as general otolaryngologists has not been previously performed. As Canadian OHNS residency program...

    Authors: Antoine Eskander, Paolo Campisi, Ian J. Witterick and David D. Pothier
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:47
  27. A nasal septal deviation can have a significant detrimental effect on a patient’s quality of life. Nasal valve collapse (NVC) often co-exists with a septal deviation. The Cottle maneuver is one of the most com...

    Authors: James P. Bonaparte and Ross Campbell
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:45
  28. The accurate diagnosis of Eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction can be very difficult. Our aim is to determine whether a 678 Hz probe tone is a more accurate indicator of Patulous ET (PET) than the 226 Hz probe ton...

    Authors: Justin M. Pyne, Tarek Ibrahim Lawen, Duncan D. Floyd and Manohar Bance
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:43
  29. Different organisms such as bacteria, molds and humans produce and release a relative unknown class of metabolites which are responsible for the individual olfactory pattern. These volatile organic metabolites...

    Authors: Philipp Opitz and Olf Herbarth
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:42
  30. Drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is hoped to identify reasons of failure of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in treating pediatric sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Maxillomandibular disproportion has been studied a...

    Authors: S. Anderson, N. Alsufyani, A. Isaac, M. Gazzaz and H. El-Hakim
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:41
  31. Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) can suffer from a significant decline in their quality of life. CRS patients have a high prevalence of comorbid conditions and it is important to understand the impac...

    Authors: Kimberly Luu, Jason Sutherland, Trafford Crump, Giuping Liu and Arif Janjua
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:40
  32. Conversion disorder refers to functional bodily impairments that can be precipitated by high stress situations including trauma and surgery. Symptoms of conversion disorder may mimic or complicate otolaryngolo...

    Authors: Lisa Caulley, Scott Kohlert, Hazen Gandy, Janet Olds and Matthew Bromwich
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:39
  33. Providing adequate ventilation may remain complex in patients with severe proximal laryngotracheal stenosis, especially when the airway is shared with the surgeon during tracheal resection surgery. We describe...

    Authors: Victoria Van Regemorter, Arnaud Potié, Sandra Schmitz, Jean-Louis Scholtes, Laurent Veevaete and Michel Van Boven
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:38
  34. The 2016 American Thyroid Association guidelines indicate that patients with Graves’ disease who undergo a thyroidectomy should be rendered euthyroid through the use of antithyroid drugs (ATD) prior to surgery...

    Authors: Abrar Al Jassim, Tim Wallace, Sarah Bouhabel, Agnieszka Majdan, Michael Hier, Veronique-Isabelle Forest and Richard Payne
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:37
  35. Unplanned returns to hospital are common, costly, and potentially avoidable. We aimed to investigate and characterize reasons for all-cause readmissions to hospital as in-patients (IPs) and visits to the Emerg...

    Authors: Vincent Wu and Stephen F. Hall
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:36
  36. Cricopharyngeus muscle dysfunction (CPMD) is a common cause of dysphagia. We employ a progressive series of three double-balloon dilations separated by 4–6 weeks between procedures as a primary treatment optio...

    Authors: Derrick R. Randall, Lisa M. Evangelista, Maggie A. Kuhn and Peter C. Belafsky
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:35
  37. Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard in medical and surgical research to assess the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. The reporting of these trials should be of high quality to allow readers...

    Authors: Yu Qing Huang, Katsiaryna Traore, Badr Ibrahim, Maida J. Sewitch and Lily H. P. Nguyen
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:34
  38. Internal derangement is the clinical and pathological condition of disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint. Management of these cases involve conservative and surgical treatment options. Minimally inv...

    Authors: Candan Efeoglu, Aylin Sipahi Calis, Huseyin Koca and Esra Yuksel
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:33
  39. HPV-associated OSCC (HPV-OSCC) has been determined to be a distinct disease entity from non-HPV associated OSCC. Patients affected by HPV-OSCC generally have a more favourable prognosis, with improved rates of...

    Authors: David Forner, Derek Wilke, Matthew H. Rigby, Sidney Croul, Anuradha Mishra, Emad Massoud, David B. Clarke and Nathan Lamond
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:32
  40. Operative endoscopy and flexible fiber-optic in-office tissue biopsy are common techniques to assess suspicious laryngopharyngeal lesions.

    Authors: Francisco Lee, Kristine A. Smith, Shamir Chandarana, T. Wayne Matthews, J. Douglas Bosch, Steven C. Nakoneshny and Joseph C. Dort
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:31
  41. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy is an essential component of the otolaryngological physical exam. Historically, the ability to create and share video recordings of these endoscopic exams has been limited by poor mob...

    Authors: A. E. Quimby, S. Kohlert, L. Caulley and M. Bromwich
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:30
  42. Our study quantifies the effectiveness of perioperative pain control in a cohort of patients undergoing major head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction. Our long-term goal is to improve pain control ...

    Authors: Ashley Hinther, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Shamir P. Chandarana, T. Wayne Matthews and Joseph C. Dort
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:29
  43. Management of locoregional recurrence (LRR) and distant metastasis (DM) in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is guided by limited data. We investigated mortality risks in patients diagnosed and treated for recurr...

    Authors: Melody J. Xu, Tara J. Wu, Annemieke van Zante, Ivan H. El-Sayed, Alain P. Algazi, William R. Ryan, Patrick K. Ha and Sue S. Yom
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:28
  44. Defects following resection of tumors in the head and neck region are complex; more detailed and defect-specific reconstruction would likely result in better functional and cosmetic outcomes. The objectives of...

    Authors: Sherif Idris, Alex M. Mlynarek, Khalid Ansari, Jeffrey R. Harris, Nabil Rizk, David Cote, Daniel A. O’Connell, Heather Allen, Peter Dziegielewski and Hadi Seikaly
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:27
  45. Distally impacted chronic tracheobronchial sharp foreign bodies in children are a management challenge that presents with clinical subtlety and extreme variability. The use of image guided techniques, imaginat...

    Authors: Sherif Idris, Russell A. Murphy, Manisha Witmans and Hamdy El-Hakim
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:26
  46. This is the first case to our knowledge of a serious adverse event following the Epley maneuver, which is the treatment of choice for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the most common vestibular dis...

    Authors: Paige Moore, Trung Le, Brian Blakley, Jason Beiko and Eric Meen
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:25
  47. Inverted papillomas (IPs) are benign neoplasms, most commonly arising from the mucosal lining of the maxillary sinus. IPs can have single or multifocal sites of attachment. Although pedicle location is an impo...

    Authors: Vincent Wu, Jennifer Siu, Jonathan Yip and John M. Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2018 47:24