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Table 4 Patient characteristics and their associations with indicators of severe DNSI (retrospective review)

From: Factors associated with severe deep neck space infections: targeting multiple fronts

Characteristic N (%) OR I&D (p-value) Post-op ICU (p-value) LOS (p-value)
Age > 55 years   0.94 0.35 0.89
< 55 years 120 (79) 87 (73) 32 (27) 87 (73)
> 55 years 32 (21) 23 (72) 11 (36) 23 (72)
Gender   0.29 0.15 0.12
Males 104 (68) 78 (75) 33 (32) 79 (77)
Females 48 (32) 32 (67) 10 (21) 31 (65)
Smoking status   0.11 0.53 0.02
Non-smoker 40 (36) 27 (61) 9 (21) 24 (60)
Smoker 71 (64) 63 (77) 21 (26) 62 (75)
Alcohol consumption   0.57 0.51 0.59
Non-daily 74 (75) 55 (75) 16 (22) 48 (65)
Daily 25 (25) 20 (80) 7 (28) 17 (71)
Intravenous drug use (IVDU)   0.19 0.84 0.53
None 86 (78) 61 (71) 19 (22) 55 (64)
Current 24 (22) 21 (84) 6 (24) 17 (71)
DM2   0.13 0.40 0.02
No 133 (88) 99 (75) 36 (28) 92 (70)
Yes 19 (12) 11 (58) 7 (37) 18 (95)
Season of presentation   0.33 0.41 0.81
Non-Winter 82 (54) 82 (75) 33 (31) 80 (73)
Winter 70 (46) 28 (67) 10 (24) 30 (71)
Airway status at presentation   0.03 <0.001 0.03
Non-Compromised Airway 19 (12) 18 (95) 27 (21) 18 (95)
Compromised Airway 133 (88) 92 (69) 16 (84) 92 (70)
Suspected source of Infection   0.37 0.28 0.36
Non-odontogenic 81 (53) 56 (69) 26 (61) 60 (76)
Odontogenic 71 (47) 54 (76) 17 (24) 49 (69)
Geographic location   0.19 0.002 0.19
Urban 145 (95) 103 (71) 37 (26) 102 (71)
Rural 7 (5) 7 (100) 6 (86) 7 (100)
Homeless   0.67 0.67 0.61
Not Homeless 143 (95) 104 (72) 42 (30) 104 (73)
Homeless 7 (5) 6 (86) 1 (14) 5 (72)
  1. Abbreviations: N, number; OR, operating room; I&D, incision and drainage; Post-op, post-operative; ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of hospital stay; d, days; IV, intravenous; DM2, type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  2. Legend: brackets, percentage; bold, statistical significance.
  3. Data given as: p-value.
  4. number (percent).
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