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  1. Chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP) is a global health concern. Nasal nitric oxide (nNO), a clinical biomarker, have been studied to assess the presence of airway mucosal inflammation. This study aimed...

    Authors: Mengdi Zhu, Xuehuan Gao, Zhuang Zhu, Xiaoqing Hu, Hui Zhou and Jisheng Liu

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:68

    Content type: Original research article

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  2. Pedicled nasoseptal flap (PNSF) has significantly improved the surgical outcomes of endoscopic endonasal approach (EEAs) by reducing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. The purpose of this study is to assess th...

    Authors: Kyoung Su Sung, Jaejoon Lim, Minkyun Na, Sanghun Lee, Ju-Seong Kim, Je Beom Hong, Chang-Ki Hong and Ju Hyung Moon

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:67

    Content type: Original research article

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  3. We present the case of an eight year old boy who presented with foreign body aspiration during the COVID-19 pandemic. The patient was taken the operating room for rigid bronchoscopy and foreign body removal. T...

    Authors: Darren Jonathan Leitao and Jodi L. P. Jones

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:66

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The purpose of this study was to develop an effective method of reducing metal artifacts in cochlear implant (CI) electrodes.

    Authors: Fanqin Wei, Jiahui Li, Chunxiang Zhou, Yun Li, Xianren Wang, Bixue Huang, Qiyang Sun and Guanxia Xiong

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:65

    Content type: Original research article

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  5. This study was performed to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics of Lymph Node metastasis between investing layer of Cervical fascia and deep fascia of infrahyoid strap Muscles (LNCM) in papillary thyro...

    Authors: Qianqian Yuan, Jinxuan Hou, Yiqin Liao, Lewei Zheng, Fang Lu, Kun Wang and Gaosong Wu

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:64

    Content type: Original research article

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  6. Computer-assisted learning has been shown to be an effective means of teaching anatomy, with 3-D visualization technology more successfully improving participants’ factual and spatial knowledge in comparison t...

    Authors: Joshua J. Gnanasegaram, Regina Leung and Jason A. Beyea

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:63

    Content type: Original research article

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  7. Acute exacerbations (AE) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have been increasingly recognized as an important clinical issue. The purpose of this study is to summarize the current definitions and evaluation param...

    Authors: Dawei Wu, Benjamin Bleier and Yongxiang Wei

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:62

    Content type: Review

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  8. Subcutaneous cervical emphysema is a clinical sign associated with many conditions, including laryngotracheal trauma, pneumothorax and necrotizing deep tissue infections.

    Authors: Adnan Busuladzic, Melissa Patry, Laurent Fradet, Valérie Turgeon and Marie Bussieres

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:61

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Spontaneous salivary otorrhea is a rare presentation only previously documented twice in literature where parotid salivary secretions are found in the external auditory canal. Conventional treatment of spontan...

    Authors: Teffran J. Chan, Trevor A. Lewis and Doron D. Sommer

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:60

    Content type: Case report

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  10. With the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been significant changes and challenges in the management of oncology patients. One of the major strategies to reduce transmission of the virus between patients and health...

    Authors: David P. Goldstein, Gilbert Ralph, John R. de Almeida, Ashok R. Jethwa, Jonathan Irish, Douglas B. Chepeha, Dale Brown, Patrick Gullane, John Waldron, Elana Aziza and Lisa Durkin

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:59

    Content type: How I do it article

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  11. The BONEBRIDGE (MED-EL, Innsbruck, Austria) is a bone-conduction implant used in the treatment of conductive and mixed hearing loss. The BONEBRIDGE consists of an external audio processor and a bone-conduction...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Rohani, Mandolin Li Bartling, Hanif M. Ladak and Sumit K. Agrawal

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:58

    Content type: Original research article

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  12. Malformations of the temporal bone present different challenges to the implantation of a transcutaneous active bone conduction device, such as Bonebridge (Med-el, Innsbruck, Austria). This study aims to descri...

    Authors: Jinsong Yang, Chunli Zhao, Yujie Liu, Mengdie Gao, Ran Ren, Danni Wang, Zhigang Huang and Shouqin Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:57

    Content type: Original research article

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  13. The lack of objective data makes it difficult to establish the prognostic value of chemosensitive disorders in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We aimed to prospectively monitor patients diagnosed...

    Authors: Luigi Angelo Vaira, Claire Hopkins, Marzia Petrocelli, Jerome R. Lechien, Damiano Soma, Federica Giovanditto, Davide Rizzo, Giovanni Salzano, Pasquale Piombino, Sven Saussez and Giacomo De Riu

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:56

    Content type: Original research article

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  14. Second branchial cleft fistulae are rare pediatric anomalies managed with surgical excision and, in certain cases, ipsilateral tonsillectomy to prevent postoperative recurrence or wound infection. Limited info...

    Authors: Abhita Reddy, Taher Valika and John Maddalozzo

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:55

    Content type: Original research article

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  15. To identify and describe the dynamic features of velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome relative to patients with non-syndromic cleft palates.

    Authors: Sebastiano Failla, Peng You, Chandheeb Rajakumar, Anne Dworschak-Stokan, Philip C. Doyle and Murad Husein

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:54

    Content type: Short report

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  16. The SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID19) pandemic has placed extreme pressures on the Canadian Healthcare system. Many health care regions in Canada have cancelled or limited surgical and non-surgical interventions on p...

    Authors: Daniel A. O’Connell, Hadi Seikaly, Andre Isaac, Justin Pyne, Robert D. Hart, David Goldstein and John Yoo

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:53

    Content type: Review

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  17. Operating room (OR) efficiency is related to minutes spared from surgical time and has been linked to the make up of surgical teams and operating room workplace. The research on the efficiency of surgical nurs...

    Authors: Kaishan Aravinthan, Connor Holmes, Sreejit P. Nair, Anil R. Sharma and Russell A. Murphy

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:52

    Content type: Original research article

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  18. Frailty is linked to perioperative morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the impact of preoperative frailty on inpatient outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for thyroid malignancy.

    Authors: Dong Xu, Mengjia Fei, Yi Lai, Yuling Shen and Jiaqing Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:51

    Content type: Original research article

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  19. Benign vocal fold lesions identified in professional voice users, frequently require further treatment after failure of conservative measures. The role of vocal fold steroid injection as a treatment option for...

    Authors: Mohamed Al-Ali and Jennifer Anderson

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:50

    Content type: Original research article

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  20. To describe indications for injection augmentation (IA), endoscopic repair (ER) and conservative methods for the management of type 1 laryngeal cleft (LC1) and propose a management algorithm. We also aimed to ...

    Authors: Andre Isaac, Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen and Hamdy El-Hakim

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:49

    Content type: Original research article

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  21. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignancy of the salivary glands, accounting for ~ 1% of malignant tumors of the head and neck region and 10% of salivary gland neoplasms. Predicting t...

    Authors: Susan Park, Manali Vora, Annemieke van Zante, Joseph Humtsoe, Hyun-Su Kim, Sue Yom, Shweta Agarwal and Patrick Ha

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:48

    Content type: Original research article

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  22. Homeless individuals frequently experience poor access to healthcare, delayed clinical presentation, and higher disease burden. Providing subspecialty otolaryngology care to this population can be challenging....

    Authors: Vincent Wu, Christopher W. Noel, David Forner, Florence Mok, Molly Zirkle, Antoine Eskander, Vincent Lin and John M. Lee

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:47

    Content type: Original research article

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  23. With an increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and more favourable survival outcomes, there is now a population of head and neck cancer...

    Authors: Jin Soo Song, Patrick Vallance, Vincent Biron and Caroline C. Jeffery

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:46

    Content type: Original research article

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  24. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a rare genetic disease involving multiple tumors of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Most patients with NF2 have bilateral vestibular schwannomas; nonvestibular sch...

    Authors: Wei-Che Lan, Yu Aoh, Rui-Yun Chen, Hui-Chi Tien and Chia-Der Lin

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:45

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The purpose of this study is to determine if removal of ethmoid cell septations as commonly performed in endoscopic sinus surgery leads to a change in orbital wall fracture patterns and the force required to c...

    Authors: Leigh J Sowerby, Matthew S. Harris, Rootu Joshi, Marjorie Johnson, Tom Jenkyn and Corey C. Moore

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:44

    Content type: Original research article

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  26. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea Ambrus, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Szabó, Béla Vasas, István Sziller and László Rovó

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:43

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:34

  27. Care pathways (CPs) are helpful in reducing unwanted variation in clinical care. Most studies of CPs show they improve clinical outcomes but there is little known about the long-term impact of CPs as part of a...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Shamir Chandarana, Christiaan Schrag, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

    Content type: Original research article

    Published on:

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

  28. Care pathways (CPs) offer a proven method of systematically improving patient care. CPs are particularly helpful in complex clinical conditions where variation in care is a problem such as patients undergoing ...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Christiaan Schrag, Shamir Chandarana, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

    Content type: Original research article

    Published on:

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

  29. RAAPID (Referral, Access, Advice, Placement, Information, and Destination) is a 24-h call center in Alberta, Canada, facilitating urgent telephone consultations between physicians and specialists. We evaluated...

    Authors: Peter George Jaminal Tian, Dean Eurich, Hadi Seikaly, Douglas Boisvert, John Montpetit and Jeffrey Harris

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:39

    Content type: Original research article

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  30. Surgical correction of caudal septal deviation is a technically challenging step of functional rhinoplasty. Multiple surgical techniques have been described in the literature but comparing the efficacy of each...

    Authors: Béatrice Voizard, Mélanie Theriault, Selma Lazizi and Sami P. Moubayed

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:38

    Content type: Original research article

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  31. Brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) plays an important role in cochlear development so it is plausible that it could restore hearing loss if delivered directly into the cochlea. We wished to confirm our p...

    Authors: Brian W. Blakley, Michael Seaman and Abdulrahman Alenezi

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:37

    Content type: Original research article

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  32. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a predilection for infecting the mucosa of the upper and lower airways. Otolaryng...

    Authors: Marc J. W. Lammers, Jane Lea and Brian D. Westerberg

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:36

    Content type: Review

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  33. Tonsil hypertrophy has negative impact on children’s health, but its pathogenesis remains obscure despite the fact that numerous bacteriological studies have been carried out. Understanding the innate immune a...

    Authors: Qun Huang, Hu Hua, Wei Li, Xi Chen and Lei Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:35

    Content type: Original research article

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  34. Congenital laryngocele is an uncommon cause of neonatal stridor. There are only a few cases reported in the literature. The authors present a successfully treated case of an infant, whose life could only be sa...

    Authors: Andrea Ambrus, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Szabó, Béla Vasas, István Sziller and László Rovó

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:34

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:43

  35. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a product of respiration in mitochondria and an important oxidizing agent in biological systems. Previous investigations have shown the efficacy of H2O2 in treating skin conditions suc...

    Authors: N. Mundi, K. Jordan, P. Doyle and C. Moore

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:33

    Content type: Original research article

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  36. First branchial cleft anomalies are rare, accounting for only 10% of all branchial cleft anomalies. We report an even more rare and unique case of a branchial cleft cyst with features of both first and second ...

    Authors: A. Fanous, V. Couloigner, P. Gorphe, L. Galmiche, M. Alexandru, E-N Garabedian, L. Coffinet, T. Blanc, N. Leboulanger and F. Denoyelle

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:32

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Several recent studies have indicated that the lymph node ratio (LNR) is an independent prognostic factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC). The purpose of this paper is to asses...

    Authors: Arikin Abdeyrim, Shizhi He, Yang Zhang, Gulbostan Mamtali, Aibadla Asla, Mirkamil Yusup and Jiang Liu

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:31

    Content type: Review

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  38. The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic originated in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly worldwide, leading the World Health Organization to declare an official global COVID-19 pandemic in March 20...

    Authors: Ryan H. W. Cho, Zenon W. C. Yeung, Osan Y. M. Ho, Jacky F. W. Lo, Alice K. Y. Siu, Wendy M. Y. Kwan, Zion W. H. To, Anthony W. H. Chan, Becky Y. T. Chan, Kitty S. C. Fung, Victor Abdullah, Michael C. F. Tong and Peter K. M. Ku

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:30

    Content type: Commentary

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  39. Adequate personal protective equipment is needed to reduce the rate of transmission of COVID-19 to health care workers. Otolaryngology groups are recommending a higher level of personal protective equipment fo...

    Authors: Paul Mick and Russell Murphy

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:29

    Content type: Review

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  40. Aerosol generating medical procedures (AGMPs) present risks to health care workers (HCW) due to airborne transmission of pathogens. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential for HCWs to recognize which pro...

    Authors: Andrew Thamboo, Jane Lea, Doron D. Sommer, Leigh Sowerby, Arman Abdalkhani, Christopher Diamond, Jennifer Ham, Austin Heffernan, M. Cai Long, Jobanjit Phulka, Yu Qi Wu, Phillip Yeung and Marc Lammers

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:28

    Content type: Review

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  41. The present study summarizes the demographics, subspecialty training, and academic productivity of contemporary leaders in Canadian Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS) training programs across Canada.

    Authors: Terence Fu, Vincent Wu, Paolo Campisi, Ian J. Witterick and Yvonne Chan

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:27

    Content type: Original research article

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  42. A rapidly evolving evidence suggests that smell and taste disturbance are common symptoms in COVID-19 infection. As yet there are no reports on duration and recovery rates. We set out to characterise patients ...

    Authors: Claire Hopkins, Pavol Surda, Emily Whitehead and B. Nirmal Kumar

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:26

    Content type: Original research article

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  43. Inverted papilloma (IP) is an unusual type of benign tumor that has high recurrence rates and the potential to transform into squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). The mechanism of the transformation process from IP...

    Authors: Cai Long, Basel Jabarin, Alexandra Harvey, Jennifer Ham, Amin Javer, Arif Janjua and Andrew Thamboo

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:25

    Content type: Original research article

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  44. Otitis media with effusion (OME) may occur spontaneously because of poor Eustachian tube function or as an inflammatory response following AOM. Bacterial involvement in OME has been widely reported, with vario...

    Authors: Izabela Korona-Glowniak, Agata Wisniewska, Marek Juda, Karolina Kielbik, Grazyna Niedzielska and Anna Malm

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:24

    Content type: Original research article

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  45. The performance of tracheotomy is a common procedural request by critical care departments to the surgical services of general surgery, thoracic surgery and otolaryngology - head & neck surgery. A Canadian Soc...

    Authors: D. D. Sommer, P. T. Engels, E.K. Weitzel, S. Khalili, M. Corsten, M. A. Tewfik, K. Fung, D. Cote, M. Gupta, N. Sne, T. F. E. Brown, J. Paul, K. M. Kost and I. J. Witterick

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:23

    Content type: Review

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  46. The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing. Patients with HPV-associated and HPV-unassociated OPSCC differ in many aspects, which may als...

    Authors: Markus Nieminen, Timo Atula, Leif Bäck, Antti Mäkitie, Lauri Jouhi and Katri Aro

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:22

    Content type: Original research article

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  47. Obstructive sleep apnea is an expected competency for Otolaryngology - Head and Neck surgery residents and tested on the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons examination. Our objective was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Saad Ansari and Amanda Hu

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:21

    Content type: Original research article

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  48. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors identified incorrect ordering and incorrect files being used for Figs. 1, 2 and 3.

    Authors: Evan C. Compton, Sumit K. Agrawal, Hanif M. Ladak, Sonny Chan, Monica Hoy, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Lauren Siegel, Joseph C. Dort and Justin T. Lui

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:20

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:17

  49. Previous literature has reported on the incidence of short-term complications following resection of cervical lymphatic malformations (LMs) in children, however no research has yet investigated the long-term s...

    Authors: Ashoke Khanwalkar, Taher Valika and John Maddalozzo

    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:19

    Content type: Original research article

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