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Table 2 Comparative analysis of complications of surgery and toxicities of radioactive iodine ablation in our cohort

From: “Clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of differentiated thyroid cancer in Saudi children and adults”

Toxicity Children Age below 18 years Young adults Age 19–25 years Adults Age26-30 years P value
(n = 27) (n =78) (n =52)
Thyroidectomy, n (%)     
 Hypocalcemia 5 (18.5) 11 (14.1) 8 (15.4) 0.064
 Transient 4 (80.0) 9 (81.8) 7 (87.5)  
 Permanent 1 (20.0) 2 (18.2) 1 (12.5) 0.043
 Recurrent laryngeal nerve damage 1 (3.7) 1 (1.3) 1 (1.9) 0.072
RAI ablation, n (%)     
 Acute: 16 (59.3) 36 (46.1) 18 (34.6) 0.041
 Sialadenitis 5 (31.3) 12 (33.3) 6 (33.3) 0.071
 Acute sickness (nausea, vomiting) 4 (25.0) 17 (47.2) 10 (55.5) 0.042
 Neck pain 7 (43.7) 7 (19.5) 2 (11.1) 0.001
RAI ablation, n (%)     
 Late: 2 (7.4) 3 (3.8) 1 (1.9) 0.034
 Sicca syndrome 1 (50.0) 3 (100) 0  
 Nasolacrimal duct obstruction 1 (50.0) 0 1 (100)  
 Second malignancy 0 0 0  
 Infertility 0 0 0  
 Lung fibrosis 0 0 0  
  1. RAI Radioactive iodine, n number