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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies on nasal packing and treatment of epistaxis

From: Clinical evidence based review and recommendations of aerosol generating medical procedures in otolaryngology – head and neck surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic

Baig et al. 2015 [14]RCT with high risk of bias360Adult patients presenting with epistaxis.Number of blood spatters on surgical mouth mask and visor of physician (visual inspection)Surgical face masks worn by patients covering their mouths decrease the risk of blood contamination.Indirect
Hassan et al. 2003 [15]Descriptive, cross sectional studyN/A18Adult patients presenting with epistaxis.Number of blood spatters on surgical mouth mask, visor and gowns of physician (visual inspection)Surgical face masks worn by patients covering their mouths decrease the risk of blood contamination.Indirect
Wallace et al. 2002 [16]Descriptive, cross sectional studyN/A50Adult patients presenting with epistaxis.Number of blood spatters on protective glasses of physician (visual inspection)Contamination of the protective glasses with blood occurred in 18% of cases.Indirect
  1. RCT randomized control trial
  2. AGMPaerosol generating medical procedure