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  1. To describe indications for injection augmentation (IA), endoscopic repair (ER) and conservative methods for the management of type 1 laryngeal cleft (LC1) and propose a management algorithm. We also aimed to ...

    Authors: Andre Isaac, Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen and Hamdy El-Hakim
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:49
  2. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignancy of the salivary glands, accounting for ~ 1% of malignant tumors of the head and neck region and 10% of salivary gland neoplasms. Predicting t...

    Authors: Susan Park, Manali Vora, Annemieke van Zante, Joseph Humtsoe, Hyun-Su Kim, Sue Yom, Shweta Agarwal and Patrick Ha
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:48
  3. Homeless individuals frequently experience poor access to healthcare, delayed clinical presentation, and higher disease burden. Providing subspecialty otolaryngology care to this population can be challenging....

    Authors: Vincent Wu, Christopher W. Noel, David Forner, Florence Mok, Molly Zirkle, Antoine Eskander, Vincent Lin and John M. Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:47
  4. With an increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and more favourable survival outcomes, there is now a population of head and neck cancer...

    Authors: Jin Soo Song, Patrick Vallance, Vincent Biron and Caroline C. Jeffery
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:46
  5. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a rare genetic disease involving multiple tumors of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Most patients with NF2 have bilateral vestibular schwannomas; nonvestibular sch...

    Authors: Wei-Che Lan, Yu Aoh, Rui-Yun Chen, Hui-Chi Tien and Chia-Der Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:45
  6. The purpose of this study is to determine if removal of ethmoid cell septations as commonly performed in endoscopic sinus surgery leads to a change in orbital wall fracture patterns and the force required to c...

    Authors: Leigh J Sowerby, Matthew S. Harris, Rootu Joshi, Marjorie Johnson, Tom Jenkyn and Corey C. Moore
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:44
  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea Ambrus, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Szabó, Béla Vasas, István Sziller and László Rovó
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:43

    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:34

  8. Care pathways (CPs) are helpful in reducing unwanted variation in clinical care. Most studies of CPs show they improve clinical outcomes but there is little known about the long-term impact of CPs as part of a...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Shamir Chandarana, Christiaan Schrag, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

  9. Care pathways (CPs) offer a proven method of systematically improving patient care. CPs are particularly helpful in complex clinical conditions where variation in care is a problem such as patients undergoing ...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Christiaan Schrag, Shamir Chandarana, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

  10. RAAPID (Referral, Access, Advice, Placement, Information, and Destination) is a 24-h call center in Alberta, Canada, facilitating urgent telephone consultations between physicians and specialists. We evaluated...

    Authors: Peter George Jaminal Tian, Dean Eurich, Hadi Seikaly, Douglas Boisvert, John Montpetit and Jeffrey Harris
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:39
  11. Surgical correction of caudal septal deviation is a technically challenging step of functional rhinoplasty. Multiple surgical techniques have been described in the literature but comparing the efficacy of each...

    Authors: Béatrice Voizard, Mélanie Theriault, Selma Lazizi and Sami P. Moubayed
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:38
  12. Brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) plays an important role in cochlear development so it is plausible that it could restore hearing loss if delivered directly into the cochlea. We wished to confirm our p...

    Authors: Brian W. Blakley, Michael Seaman and Abdulrahman Alenezi
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:37
  13. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a predilection for infecting the mucosa of the upper and lower airways. Otolaryng...

    Authors: Marc J. W. Lammers, Jane Lea and Brian D. Westerberg
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:36
  14. Tonsil hypertrophy has negative impact on children’s health, but its pathogenesis remains obscure despite the fact that numerous bacteriological studies have been carried out. Understanding the innate immune a...

    Authors: Qun Huang, Hu Hua, Wei Li, Xi Chen and Lei Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:35
  15. Congenital laryngocele is an uncommon cause of neonatal stridor. There are only a few cases reported in the literature. The authors present a successfully treated case of an infant, whose life could only be sa...

    Authors: Andrea Ambrus, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Szabó, Béla Vasas, István Sziller and László Rovó
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:34

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:43

  16. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a product of respiration in mitochondria and an important oxidizing agent in biological systems. Previous investigations have shown the efficacy of H2O2 in treating skin conditions suc...

    Authors: N. Mundi, K. Jordan, P. Doyle and C. Moore
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:33
  17. First branchial cleft anomalies are rare, accounting for only 10% of all branchial cleft anomalies. We report an even more rare and unique case of a branchial cleft cyst with features of both first and second ...

    Authors: A. Fanous, V. Couloigner, P. Gorphe, L. Galmiche, M. Alexandru, E-N Garabedian, L. Coffinet, T. Blanc, N. Leboulanger and F. Denoyelle
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:32
  18. Several recent studies have indicated that the lymph node ratio (LNR) is an independent prognostic factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC). The purpose of this paper is to asses...

    Authors: Arikin Abdeyrim, Shizhi He, Yang Zhang, Gulbostan Mamtali, Aibadla Asla, Mirkamil Yusup and Jiang Liu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:31
  19. The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic originated in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly worldwide, leading the World Health Organization to declare an official global COVID-19 pandemic in March 20...

    Authors: Ryan H. W. Cho, Zenon W. C. Yeung, Osan Y. M. Ho, Jacky F. W. Lo, Alice K. Y. Siu, Wendy M. Y. Kwan, Zion W. H. To, Anthony W. H. Chan, Becky Y. T. Chan, Kitty S. C. Fung, Victor Abdullah, Michael C. F. Tong and Peter K. M. Ku
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:30
  20. Adequate personal protective equipment is needed to reduce the rate of transmission of COVID-19 to health care workers. Otolaryngology groups are recommending a higher level of personal protective equipment fo...

    Authors: Paul Mick and Russell Murphy
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:29
  21. Aerosol generating medical procedures (AGMPs) present risks to health care workers (HCW) due to airborne transmission of pathogens. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential for HCWs to recognize which pro...

    Authors: Andrew Thamboo, Jane Lea, Doron D. Sommer, Leigh Sowerby, Arman Abdalkhani, Christopher Diamond, Jennifer Ham, Austin Heffernan, M. Cai Long, Jobanjit Phulka, Yu Qi Wu, Phillip Yeung and Marc Lammers
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:28
  22. The present study summarizes the demographics, subspecialty training, and academic productivity of contemporary leaders in Canadian Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery (OHNS) training programs across Canada.

    Authors: Terence Fu, Vincent Wu, Paolo Campisi, Ian J. Witterick and Yvonne Chan
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:27
  23. A rapidly evolving evidence suggests that smell and taste disturbance are common symptoms in COVID-19 infection. As yet there are no reports on duration and recovery rates. We set out to characterise patients ...

    Authors: Claire Hopkins, Pavol Surda, Emily Whitehead and B. Nirmal Kumar
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:26
  24. Inverted papilloma (IP) is an unusual type of benign tumor that has high recurrence rates and the potential to transform into squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). The mechanism of the transformation process from IP...

    Authors: Cai Long, Basel Jabarin, Alexandra Harvey, Jennifer Ham, Amin Javer, Arif Janjua and Andrew Thamboo
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:25
  25. Otitis media with effusion (OME) may occur spontaneously because of poor Eustachian tube function or as an inflammatory response following AOM. Bacterial involvement in OME has been widely reported, with vario...

    Authors: Izabela Korona-Glowniak, Agata Wisniewska, Marek Juda, Karolina Kielbik, Grazyna Niedzielska and Anna Malm
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:24
  26. The performance of tracheotomy is a common procedural request by critical care departments to the surgical services of general surgery, thoracic surgery and otolaryngology - head & neck surgery. A Canadian Soc...

    Authors: D. D. Sommer, P. T. Engels, E.K. Weitzel, S. Khalili, M. Corsten, M. A. Tewfik, K. Fung, D. Cote, M. Gupta, N. Sne, T. F. E. Brown, J. Paul, K. M. Kost and I. J. Witterick
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:23
  27. The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing. Patients with HPV-associated and HPV-unassociated OPSCC differ in many aspects, which may als...

    Authors: Markus Nieminen, Timo Atula, Leif Bäck, Antti Mäkitie, Lauri Jouhi and Katri Aro
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:22
  28. Obstructive sleep apnea is an expected competency for Otolaryngology - Head and Neck surgery residents and tested on the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons examination. Our objective was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Saad Ansari and Amanda Hu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:21
  29. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors identified incorrect ordering and incorrect files being used for Figs. 1, 2 and 3.

    Authors: Evan C. Compton, Sumit K. Agrawal, Hanif M. Ladak, Sonny Chan, Monica Hoy, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Lauren Siegel, Joseph C. Dort and Justin T. Lui
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:20

    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:17

  30. Previous literature has reported on the incidence of short-term complications following resection of cervical lymphatic malformations (LMs) in children, however no research has yet investigated the long-term s...

    Authors: Ashoke Khanwalkar, Taher Valika and John Maddalozzo
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:19
  31. Gorham-Stout disease is a rare bone disorder. Here, we present a case of Gorham-Stout disease diagnosed during follow-up of a patient with cholesteatoma; the disease affected the temporal bone and other sites ...

    Authors: Makoto Hosoya, Naoki Oishi, Jun Nishiyama and Kaoru Ogawa
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:18
  32. Trainees in Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery must gain proficiency in a variety of challenging temporal bone surgical techniques. Traditional teaching has relied on the use of cadavers; however, this metho...

    Authors: Evan C. Compton, Sumit K. Agrawal, Hanif M. Ladak, Sonny Chan, Monica Hoy, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Lauren Siegel, Joseph C. Dort and Justin T. Lui
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:20

  33. Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is a major disability among the elder population. Chronic inflammation is an important factor in the development of ARHI. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays a key role in inflamma...

    Authors: Ning-Chia Chang, Hua-Ling Yang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wen-Yi Lin, Hsun-Mo Wang, Chen-Yu Chien and Kuen-Yao Ho
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:16
  34. Primary chondrosarcomas of the nasal septum are rare, with a variety of clinical features that evade detection and treatment. While endoscopic surgery has become increasingly accessible, open approaches may be...

    Authors: Changseok Lee, David Forner, Martin Bullock, Matthew H. Rigby, Martin Corsten, Jonathan R. Trites and S. Mark Taylor
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:15
  35. The Ottawa Valve Collapse scale (OVCS) was developed to classify the severity of nasal valve collapse (NVC) in patients with nasal obstruction. The goal of this study was to determine, in patients who have nas...

    Authors: Phillip Staibano and James P. Bonaparte
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:14
  36. To evaluate the graft success rate and postoperative hearing gain for marginal perforations using endoscopic cartilage myringoplasty with the removal of a small rim of the external auditory canal (EAC).

    Authors: Zheng-cai Lou
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:13
  37. The known risk factors of childhood OSAS include tonsillar and adenoidhypertrophy, obesity, craniofacial anomalies, neuromuscular disorders and African-American (AA) ancestry. Whether other factors such as all...

    Authors: Zhifei Xu, Yunxiao Wu, Jun Tai, Guoshuang Feng, Wentong Ge, Li Zheng, Zhe Zhou and Xin Ni
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:11
  38. The Choosing Wisely Canada campaign is an initiative that aims to involve physicians and patients in collaborative decision making to avoid unnecessary tests and treatments. The Rhinology Subspecialty Group of...

    Authors: Neil Arnstead, Yvonne Chan, Shaun Kilty, Ragavan Ganeshathasan, Armin Rahmani and Eric Monteiro
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:10
  39. The purpose of this study was to determine the therapeutic value of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) by comparing the outcomes of tongue base surgery based on Muller’s maneuver (MM) and those based on DISE ...

    Authors: Jong-Gyun Ha, Youngwoo Lee, Jae Sung Nam, Jeong Jin Park, Joo-Heon Yoon, Chang-Hoon Kim and Hyung-Ju Cho
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:8
  40. Vestibular symptoms such as vertigo and imbalance are known to occur in some cochlear implant patients during the immediate postoperative period; however, acute vertigo in implanted children occurring remotely...

    Authors: Sophie Lipson, Ross O’Shea, Susan Gibbons, Guangwei Zhou and Jacob Brodsky
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:7
  41. The SVV tests the ability of a person to perceive the gravitational vertical. A tilt in SVV indicates vestibular imbalance in the roll plane, and thus injuries to the utricle or its connecting nerves. A valida...

    Authors: Tianyang Dai, George Kurien and Vincent YW Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:6
  42. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors’ names was spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown. The original ...

    Authors: Corliss Ann Elizabeth Best, Alexandra Elizabeth Quimby, Brittany Ann Barbara Best, Dean Fergusson and Hussain Alsaffar
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:5

    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2019 48:73

  43. Botulinum toxin A (BT) is the gold standard treatment for adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) with established use for greater than thirty years. The spasmodic dysphonia (SD) literature would benefit from addi...

    Authors: Gabrielle French, J. Douglas Bosch and Derrick R. Randall
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:4
  44. Oral Submucous fibrosis (OSMF) has traditionally been described as “a chronic, insidious, scarring disease of the oral cavity, often with involvement of the pharynx and the upper esophagus”. Millions of indivi...

    Authors: Naman R. Rao, Alessandro Villa, Chandramani B. More, Ruwan D. Jayasinghe, Alexander Ross Kerr and Newell W. Johnson
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:3
  45. Despite significant anatomical variation amongst patients, cochlear implant frequency-mapping has traditionally followed a patient-independent approach. Basilar membrane (BM) length is required for patient-spe...

    Authors: Luke Helpard, Hao Li, Helge Rask-Andersen, Hanif M. Ladak and Sumit K. Agrawal
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:2
  46. An international group of experts recommended reclassifying non-invasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancers (FVPTC) as ‘non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear feature...

    Authors: Vincent Larouche, Marc Philippe Pusztaszeri, Sabin Filimon, Richard Payne, Michael Hier and Michael Tamilia
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:1
  47. Epistaxis is a common reason patients present to the emergency department. There is significant variation in climate across Canada. Our study aimed to determine if epistaxis is related to season, temperature a...

    Authors: Ben McMullin, Paul Atkinson, Natasha Larivée and Christopher J. Chin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2019 48:74
  48. To systematically review the evidence to evaluate oncologic outcomes for patients with early stage buccal squamous cell carcinoma treated with surgery versus surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy.

    Authors: Corliss Ann Elizabeth Best, Alexandra Elizabeth Quimby, Brittany Ann Barbara Best, Dean Fergusson and Hussain Alsaffar
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2019 48:73

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:5