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  1. Diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is often delayed due to the high prevalence and limited physician and sleep testing resources. As a result, children may be referred to mult...

    Authors: D. S. Heath, H. El-Hakim, Y. Al-Rahji, E. Eksteen, T. C. Uwiera, A. Isaac, M. Castro-Codesal, C. Gerdung, J. Maclean and P. J. Mandhane
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:48
  2. Preoperative planning of open laryngotracheal surgery is important for achieving good results. This study examines the surgeon’s perception of the importance of using life size 3D printed models of the pediatr...

    Authors: Oshri Wasserzug, Gadi Fishman, Narin Carmel-Neiderman, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Maher Saada, Solomon Dadia, Eran Golden, Philip Berman, Ophir Handzel and Ari DeRowe
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:47
  3. To evaluate the clinical management of choanal atresia (CA) in tertiary centers across Canada.

    Authors: Josee Paradis, Agnieszka Dzioba, Hamdy El-Hakim, Paul Hong, Frederick K. Kozak, Lily H. P. Nguyen, Demitri Perera, Evan Jon Propst, Jennifer M. Siu, Monika Wojtera and Murad Husein
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:46
  4. To evaluate the clinical presentation of choanal atresia (CA) in tertiary centers across Canada.

    Authors: Josee Paradis, Agnieszka Dzioba, Hamdy El-Hakim, Paul Hong, Frederick K. Kozak, Lily H. P. Nguyen, Demitri Perera, Evan Jon Propst, Jennifer M. Siu, Monika Wojtera and Murad Husein
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:45
  5. To evaluate the impact of a high efficiency rapid standardized OR (RAPSTOR) for hemithyroid/parathyroid surgery using standardized equipment sets (SES) and consecutive case scheduling (CCS) on turnover times (...

    Authors: Hannah Ernst, Leigh Sowerby, Axel Sahovaler, Danielle Macneil, Anthony Nichols, John Yoo, Richard Hilsden, Julie Strychowsky and Kevin Fung
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:44
  6. Human-derived acellular dermal matrix (ADM) has been widely used as an effective alternative to autologous grafts in tympanoplasty. However, evidence of ADM as an alternative to autologous grafts in the repair...

    Authors: Shan Xu, Xia Sun, Ning Yang and Aihui Yan
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:43
  7. Authors: Robert T. Sataloff, Matthew L. Bush, Rakesh Chandra, Douglas Chepeha, Brian Rotenberg, Edward W. Fisher, David Goldenberg, Ehab Y. Hanna, Joseph E. Kerschner, Dennis H. Kraus, John H. Krouse, Daqing Li, Michael Link, Lawrence R. Lustig, Samuel H. Selesnick, Raj Sindwani…
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:41
  8. We present the first case of a patient with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA), where drug induced sleep endoscopy was helpful to suspect a non-acid reflux disease and showed an improvement in a swollen ep...

    Authors: Carlos O’Connor-Reina, Jose Maria Ignacio Garcia, Peter Baptista, Maria Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Carlos Casado Alba, Monica Perona, Paz Francisca Borrmann, Laura Rodriguez Alcala and Guillermo Plaza
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:42
  9. Active surveillance (AS) in the management of small, low risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) as an alternative option to thyroidectomy, is an area of active research. A national Canadian study is proposed to e...

    Authors: David P. Goldstein, Sangeet Ghai, Martin Corsten, Eric Bissada, Nathalie Audet, Han Zhang, Anthony Nichols, Deric Morrison, Stephanie Johnson-Obeski, Donald W. Anderson, Eitan Prisman, Nancy N. Baxter, Jennifer Jones, Amiram Gafni, Ian Witterick and Anna M. Sawka
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:40
  10. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) eustachian tuboplasty for the treatment of patients with retracted tympanic membrane (TM) due to eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD).

    Authors: Zhengcai Lou, Zihan Lou, Junzhi Sun, Zhengnong Chen and Shankai Yin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:39
  11. The opioid epidemic is a significant public health crisis challenging the lives of North Americans. Interestingly, this problem does not exist to the same extent in Europe. Surgeons play a significant role in ...

    Authors: Valerie Dahm, Justin T. Lui, Rudolfs Liepins, Joseph M. Chen, Trung N. Le, Christoph Arnoldner and Vincent Y. W. Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:38
  12. Evaluate the oncologic outcomes and cost analysis of transitioning to a specimen oriented intraoperative margin assessment protocol from a tumour bed sampling protocol in oral cavity (OCSCC) and oropharyngeal ...

    Authors: P. Horwich, C. MacKay, M. Bullock, S. M. Taylor, R. Hart, J. Trites, L. Geldenhuys, B. Williams and M. H. Rigby
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:37
  13. Many experts feel that in the absence of well-defined goals for success, they have an easier time identifying failure. As success ought to not be defined only by absence of failure, we aimed to define optimal ...

    Authors: Nadim Saydy, Sami P. Moubayed, Marie Bussières, Arif Janjua, Shaun Kilty, François Lavigne, Eric Monteiro, Smriti Nayan, Marilou Piché, Kristine Smith, Doron Sommer, Leigh Sowerby, Marc A. Tewfik, Ian J. Witterick, Erin Wright and Martin Desrosiers
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:36
  14. Caudal septoplasty is a difficult procedure. The cutting and suture technique is suitable for caudal septoplasty, but a batten graft is always necessary and bears the risk of nasal tip projection loss. We esta...

    Authors: Yu Hosokawa, Takeshi Miyawaki, Taisuke Akutsu, Kazuhiro Omura, Shinya Tsumiyama, Jiro Iimura, Nobuyoshi Otori and Hiromi Kojima
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:35
  15. Through shared decision-making, physicians and patients can elect endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) when maximal medical therapy fails in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). In this study, we aim to explo...

    Authors: Nadim Saydy, Sami Pierre Moubayed and Martin Desrosiers
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:34
  16. This pilot study explores whether a human Thiel-embalmed temporal bone is suitable for generating an accurate and complete data set with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and whether solid iodine-staining i...

    Authors: Sebastian Halm, David Haberthür, Elisabeth Eppler, Valentin Djonov and Andreas Arnold
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:33
  17. Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is a major disability among the elderly population. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) were found to be associated with ARHI in animal studies. The aim of this study was to analyz...

    Authors: Ning-Chia Chang, Hua-Ling Yang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wen-Yi Lin, Meng-Hsuen Hsieh, Chen-Yu Chien and Kuen-Yao Ho
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:31
  18. Dysregulated lncRNA score and PVT1 expression may be involved in cancer. However, relationships of lncRNAs with hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid cancer (PC) diagnosis remain mysterious.

    Authors: Dongxue Zhang, Bojun Wei, Long Li, Tao Jiang, Xiaoai Yao, Xin Liu and Yuyan Sun
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:30
  19. Molecular testing has been used for cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules (Bethesda III and IV), where the risk of malignancy is 10–40%. However, to date, the role of molecular testing in cytologically s...

    Authors: Jessica Hier, Galit Avior, Marc Pusztaszeri, Joshua R. Krasner, Noura Alyouha, Veronique-Isabelle Forest, Michael P. Hier, Alex Mlynarek, Keith Richardson, Nader Sadeghi, Michael Tamilia and Richard J. Payne
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:29
  20. Physician opioid-prescribing patterns have significant impacts on the current opioid crisis. Patients who use opioids in the postoperative period are at risk of developing chronic postoperative opioid use. Thi...

    Authors: Ashley Hinther, Alysha Rasool, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Shamir P. Chandarana, Robert Hart, T. Wayne Matthews and Joseph C. Dort
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:28
  21. Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by eosinophilic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyposis, and bronchial asthma, along with the onset of respiratory reactions after the ingestion of nonst...

    Authors: Leigh J. Sowerby, Krupal B. Patel, Crystal Schmerk, Brian W. Rotenberg, Taciano Rocha and Doron D. Sommer
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:27
  22. Healthcare systems generate substantial carbon footprints that may be targeted to decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Outreach clinics may represent tools to assist in this reduction by optimizing patient relat...

    Authors: David Forner, Chad Purcell, Victoria Taylor, Christopher W. Noel, Larry Pan, Matthew H. Rigby, Martin Corsten, Jonathan R. Trites, Antoine Eskander, Ted McDonald and S. Mark Taylor
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:26
  23. Salivary gland choristoma (SGCh) is a rare benign tumor reported in several unusual sites, such as the gastrointestinal tract, the optic nerve, and the internal auditory canal, but never reported in the inner ...

    Authors: Yoshiharu Yamanobe, Naoki Oishi, Takanori Nishiyama, Makoto Hosoya and Kaoru Ogawa
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:25
  24. The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID) pandemic has resulted in an increase in virtual care. While some specialties are well suited to virtual care, Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery could be limited due to reliance on p...

    Authors: Kristine A. Smith, Andrew Thamboo, Yvonne Chan, Christopher J. Chin, Megan Werger and Brian Rotenberg
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:24
  25. Ultrasonic bone removal devices (UBD) are capable of cutting through bony tissue without injury to adjacent soft tissue. The feasibility and safety of using this technology for removal of bone from an intact o...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Siu, Jaina Negandhi, Robert V. Harrison, Nikolaus E. Wolter and Adrian James
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:23
  26. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) is a medical emergency requiring immediate attention as delayed treatment can lead to permanent and devastating consequences. Primary care physicians are likely the fi...

    Authors: Benjamin Ng, Matthew G. Crowson and Vincent Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:22
  27. Neck dissection has a central role in the management of head and neck cancers. This systematic review aimed to compare the intraoperative and postoperative parameters between conventional and LigaSure Small Ja...

    Authors: Tai-Yu Chen, Li-Jen Hsin, Wan-Ni Lin, Ming-Shao Tsai, Yao-Te Tsai and Yi-Chan Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:21
  28. Supracricoid partial laryngectomy has good oncologic results in the treatment of advanced laryngeal cancer with the advantage of preserving larynx phonatory function when compared with total laryngectomy. Howe...

    Authors: Marianne Yumi Nakai, Marcelo Benedito Menezes, Julia Vilas Boas Gonçalves de Carvalho, Lucas Porto Maurity Dias, Leandro Augusto de Barros Silva, Lucas Ribeiro Tenório and Antonio José Gonçalves
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:20
  29. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current state of ototoxicity monitoring for patients receiving cisplatin chemotherapy in an academic medical center with particular attention to how closely monitoring ...

    Authors: N. M. Santucci, B. Garber, R. Ivory, M. A. Kuhn, M. Stephen and D. Aizenberg
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:19
  30. In the specialty of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, intranasal corticosteroids are the mainstay treatment for inflammatory processes within the nasal cavity. All too often, physician prescribing patter...

    Authors: James Fowler, Brian W. Rotenberg and Leigh J. Sowerby
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:18
  31. Gastric pull-up is a reconstructive option for circumferential defects after resection of advanced laryngopharyngeal malignancy. Voice loss is expected and vocal rehabilitation remains a challenge. Our study o...

    Authors: Emily C. Deane, Harman Parhar, Linda Rammage, Amanda Hu and Donald W. Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:17
  32. Given that nasal septoplasty is a common procedure in otolaryngology – head and neck surgery, the objective of this study was to evaluate the quality and readability of online patient education materials on se...

    Authors: Elysia M. Grose, Connor P. Holmes, Kaishan A. Aravinthan, Vincent Wu and John M. Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:16
  33. Recent evidence suggests that biologic therapy with targeted activity within the Type 2 inflammatory pathway can improve the clinical signs and symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP)....

    Authors: Andrew Thamboo, S. Kilty, I. Witterick, Y. Chan, C. J. Chin, A. Janjua, A. Javer, J. Lee, E. Monterio, B. Rotenberg, J. Scott, K. Smith, D. D. Sommer, L. Sowerby, M. Tewfik, E. Wright…
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:15
  34. The malignancy potential of the laryngeal lesions are one of the major concerns of the surgeons about choosing the treatment options, forming surgical margins, deciding the follow-up periods. Finding a biomark...

    Authors: Fatma Ruya Tuncturk, Ibrahim Akalin, Lokman Uzun and Tulay Zenginkinet
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:14
  35. Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is a common condition where the vocal folds inappropriately adduct during inspiration. This results in dyspnea and occasionally significant distress. The condition is thoug...

    Authors: Rachelle Alyce LeBlanc, Daniel Aalto and Caroline C. Jeffery
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:13
  36. Recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) can be salvaged with re-irradiation, open nasopharyngectomy, and more recently endoscopic nasopharyngectomy. However, long-term outcomes of endoscopic approaches are l...

    Authors: Andrew Thamboo, Vishal S. Patel and Peter H. Hwang
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:12
  37. Listening to music through personal listening devices (PLDs) has become more prevalent during last decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate music listening habits through PLDs in adolescents with a smart...

    Authors: Danique E. Paping, Jantien L. Vroegop, Simone P. C. Koenraads, Carlijn M.P. le Clercq, André Goedegebure, Robert J. Baatenburg de Jong and Marc P. van der Schroeff
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:11

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:50

  38. Superficial parotidectomy has a potential to be performed as an outpatient procedure. The objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and selection profile of outpatient superficial parotidectomy compared...

    Authors: Daniel J. Lee, David Forner, Christopher End, Christopher M. K. L. Yao, Shireen Samargandy, Eric Monteiro, Ian J. Witterick and Jeremy L. Freeman
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:10
  39. Close margins influence treatment and outcome in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study evaluates 187 cases of surgically treated OSCC regarding the impact of close margins on recurrence...

    Authors: Joseph Solomon, Ashley Hinther, T. Wayne Matthews, Steven C. Nakoneshny, Rob Hart, Joseph C. Dort and Shamir P. Chandarana
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:9
  40. Noise in operating rooms (OR) can have negative effects on both patients and surgical care workers. Noise can also impact surgical performance, team communication, and patient outcomes. Such implications of no...

    Authors: Gianluca Sampieri, Amirpouyan Namavarian, Marc Levin, Justine Philteos, Jong Wook Lee, Anni Koskinen, Vincent Lin and John Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:8
  41. Chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforation associated with ventilation tube (VT) insertion was commonly encountered in pediatric patients with chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) treatment and eustachian...

    Authors: Zhengcai Lou
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:6
  42. The primary method of surveillance for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 is with nasopharyngeal swabs. Given the significant demand for nasopharyngeal swabs, a large number of previously untrained and unfamiliar staf...

    Authors: Nole M. Hiebert, Breanna Ashley Chen and Leigh J. Sowerby
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:5
  43. This prospective study investigated the change of swallowing ability using the Swallowing Ability Scale System (SASS) and swallowing-related quality of life (QOL) by Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck ...

    Authors: Takumi Hasegawa, Nanae Yatagai, Tatsuya Furukawa, Emi Wakui, Izumi Saito, Daisuke Takeda, Yasumasa Kakei, Akiko Sakakibara, Ken-ichi Nibu and Masaya Akashi
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:4
  44. Tracheostomy, as an aerosol-generating procedure, is considered as a high-risk surgery for health care workers (HCWs) during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Current recommendations are to perform ...

    Authors: Kai Xu, Xin-Hao Zhang, Xiao-Bo Long, Xiang Lu and Zheng Liu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:3
  45. Dysphagia is one consequence of head and neck cancer that has a significant impact on quality of life for head and neck cancer survivors. While survival rates continue to improve, focus has shifted to maximizi...

    Authors: Irene Loewen, Caroline C. Jeffery, Jana Rieger and Gabriela Constantinescu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:2
  46. Definitive treatment of primary middle ear lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is not well established owing to the rarity of this disease entity. We report a case of locally advanced primary middle ear LEC treat...

    Authors: Pei Yuan Fong, Tiong Yong Tan and Kimberley Liqin Kiong
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:1
  47. The study aimed to evaluate the anatomical differences between positional and non-positional OSA, and to identify the potential predictors for distinguishing between these two types of OSA.

    Authors: Ming-Chin Lan, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Ming-Ying Lan, Yun-Chen Huang, Tung-Tsun Huang and Yen-Bin Hsu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:83
  48. Pharyngeal arch anomalies are the second most common form of head and neck congenital defect. The second arch anomalies are the most common, and compromise 95% of cases. Little is known about the 3rd and 4th a...

    Authors: A. O. Kotwica, J. Rudd and D. J. Howard
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:82