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  1. Dysphagia is one consequence of head and neck cancer that has a significant impact on quality of life for head and neck cancer survivors. While survival rates continue to improve, focus has shifted to maximizi...

    Authors: Irene Loewen, Caroline C. Jeffery, Jana Rieger and Gabriela Constantinescu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:2
  2. Definitive treatment of primary middle ear lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is not well established owing to the rarity of this disease entity. We report a case of locally advanced primary middle ear LEC treat...

    Authors: Pei Yuan Fong, Tiong Yong Tan and Kimberley Liqin Kiong
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2021 50:1
  3. The study aimed to evaluate the anatomical differences between positional and non-positional OSA, and to identify the potential predictors for distinguishing between these two types of OSA.

    Authors: Ming-Chin Lan, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Ming-Ying Lan, Yun-Chen Huang, Tung-Tsun Huang and Yen-Bin Hsu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:83
  4. Pharyngeal arch anomalies are the second most common form of head and neck congenital defect. The second arch anomalies are the most common, and compromise 95% of cases. Little is known about the 3rd and 4th a...

    Authors: A. O. Kotwica, J. Rudd and D. J. Howard
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:82
  5. Healthcare services in many countries have been partially or completely disrupted by the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic since its onset in the end of 2019. Amongst the most impacted are the elective medical a...

    Authors: Yvonne Chan, Sarfaraz M. Banglawala, Christopher J. Chin, David W. J. Côté, Dustin Dalgorf, John R. de Almeida, Martin Desrosiers, Richard M. Gall, Artur Gevorgyan, A. Hassan Hassan, Arif Janjua, John M. Lee, Randy M. Leung, Bradford D. Mechor, Dominik Mertz, Eric Monteiro…
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:81
  6. Vocal fold mass lesions can affect vocal fold oscillation patterns and therefore voice production. It has been previously observed that perturbation values from audio signals were lower with increased loudness...

    Authors: Matthias Echternach, Michael Döllinger, Marie Köberlein, Liudmila Kuranova, Donata Gellrich and Marie-Anne Kainz
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:80
  7. Fourth branchial apparatus anomalies, are rare clinical entities, and present as complex cysts, sinuses and fistulae in the neck that can be difficult to manage.

    Authors: Wan-Xin Li, Yanbo Dong, Aobo Zhang, Jun Tian, Cheng Lu, Jean Pierre Jeannon and Liangfa Liu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:79
  8. Distant metastasis in thyroid cancer significantly reduces survival in patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC). There is limited information available to clinicians regarding pathological fe...

    Authors: Usman Khan, Ayham Al Afif, Abdullah Aldaihani, Colin MacKay, Matthew H. Rigby, Murali Rajaraman, Syed Ali Imran, Martin J. Bullock, S. Mark Taylor, Jonathan R. B. Trites and Robert D. Hart
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:78
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic has raised concerns of inadvertent SARS-CoV-2 transmission to healthcare workers during routine procedures of the aerodigestive tract in asymptomatic COVID-19 patients. Current efforts to...

    Authors: Syed H. S. Naqvi, Martin J. Citardi, Davide Cattano, Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner, Mark I. Knackstedt and Ron J. Karni
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:77
  10. The novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has created a worldwide deadly pandemic that has become a major public health challenge. All semi-urgent and elective medical care has come to a halt to conserve capacity to ca...

    Authors: Y. Chan, D. Angel, M. Aron, T. Hartl, S. P. Moubayed, K. A. Smith, D. D. Sommer, L. Sowerby, P. Spafford, D. Mertz and I. J. Witterick
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:76
  11. The submental island flap (SIF) is a reliable option for reconstructing defects in the facial region and offers several advantages when compared to free-flap alternatives. While the reconstructive applications...

    Authors: Usman Khan, Sebastian Haupt, Matthew Rigby, S. Mark Taylor, Martin Corsten and Jonathan Trites
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:75
  12. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of using peri-operative brachytherapy (BRTx) for positive/narrow margins present post primary surgical resection of oral tongue squamous cel...

    Authors: Ilia Ianovski, Alex M. Mlynarek, Martin J. Black, Boris Bahoric, Khalil Sultanem and Michael P. Hier
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:74
  13. To identify an age at which initiation of whole nut into the pediatric diet could be considered safe, by evaluating the age distribution of children undergoing bronchoscopy with removal of nut or seed material...

    Authors: Jill N. D’Souza, Taher S. Valika, Bharat Bhushan and Jonathan B. Ida
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:73
  14. Patients undergoing superficial parotidectomy for benign parotid lesions are at risk of postoperative complications, most notably cosmetic complications such as facial paralysis and contour defects, and functi...

    Authors: Jonathan C. Melong, Matthew H. Rigby, Martin Corsten, Jonathan R. B. Trites, Angela Bulter and S. Mark Taylor
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:72
  15. Within Neurotology, special draping systems have been devised for mastoid surgery recognizing that drilling of middle ear mucosa is an aerosol generating medical procedure (AGMP) which can place surgical teams...

    Authors: Justin Cottrell, Justin Lui, Trung Le and Joseph Chen
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:71
  16. Foreign body ingestion is a common problem in pediatrics. Each foreign body can present its’ own unique challenges during removal, and we present the management of an ingested Spotted Tussock Moth (Lophocampa mac...

    Authors: Amar K. Bhardwaj, Naif Fnais and Christopher J. Chin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:70
  17. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) negatively affects quality of life (QoL), and balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) has shown good outcomes in adult patients. However, there has not been much research on the effects ...

    Authors: Ahmad A. Mirza, Hatim Y. Shawli, Talal A. Alandejani, Sattam M. Aljuaid, Mahmoud Alreefi, Razan A. Basonbul, Shahad K. Alhomaiani, Banan A. Althobaity, Dhuha A. Alhumaidi and Faisal Zawawi
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:69
  18. Chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP) is a global health concern. Nasal nitric oxide (nNO), a clinical biomarker, have been studied to assess the presence of airway mucosal inflammation. This study aimed...

    Authors: Mengdi Zhu, Xuehuan Gao, Zhuang Zhu, Xiaoqing Hu, Hui Zhou and Jisheng Liu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:68
  19. Pedicled nasoseptal flap (PNSF) has significantly improved the surgical outcomes of endoscopic endonasal approach (EEAs) by reducing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. The purpose of this study is to assess th...

    Authors: Kyoung Su Sung, Jaejoon Lim, Minkyun Na, Sanghun Lee, Ju-Seong Kim, Je Beom Hong, Chang-Ki Hong and Ju Hyung Moon
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:67
  20. We present the case of an eight year old boy who presented with foreign body aspiration during the COVID-19 pandemic. The patient was taken the operating room for rigid bronchoscopy and foreign body removal. T...

    Authors: Darren Jonathan Leitao and Jodi L. P. Jones
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:66
  21. The purpose of this study was to develop an effective method of reducing metal artifacts in cochlear implant (CI) electrodes.

    Authors: Fanqin Wei, Jiahui Li, Chunxiang Zhou, Yun Li, Xianren Wang, Bixue Huang, Qiyang Sun and Guanxia Xiong
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:65
  22. This study was performed to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics of Lymph Node metastasis between investing layer of Cervical fascia and deep fascia of infrahyoid strap Muscles (LNCM) in papillary thyro...

    Authors: Qianqian Yuan, Jinxuan Hou, Yiqin Liao, Lewei Zheng, Fang Lu, Kun Wang and Gaosong Wu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:64
  23. Computer-assisted learning has been shown to be an effective means of teaching anatomy, with 3-D visualization technology more successfully improving participants’ factual and spatial knowledge in comparison t...

    Authors: Joshua J. Gnanasegaram, Regina Leung and Jason A. Beyea
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:63
  24. Acute exacerbations (AE) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have been increasingly recognized as an important clinical issue. The purpose of this study is to summarize the current definitions and evaluation param...

    Authors: Dawei Wu, Benjamin Bleier and Yongxiang Wei
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:62
  25. Subcutaneous cervical emphysema is a clinical sign associated with many conditions, including laryngotracheal trauma, pneumothorax and necrotizing deep tissue infections.

    Authors: Adnan Busuladzic, Melissa Patry, Laurent Fradet, Valérie Turgeon and Marie Bussieres
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:61
  26. Spontaneous salivary otorrhea is a rare presentation only previously documented twice in literature where parotid salivary secretions are found in the external auditory canal. Conventional treatment of spontan...

    Authors: Teffran J. Chan, Trevor A. Lewis and Doron D. Sommer
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:60
  27. With the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been significant changes and challenges in the management of oncology patients. One of the major strategies to reduce transmission of the virus between patients and health...

    Authors: David P. Goldstein, Gilbert Ralph, John R. de Almeida, Ashok R. Jethwa, Jonathan Irish, Douglas B. Chepeha, Dale Brown, Patrick Gullane, John Waldron, Elana Aziza and Lisa Durkin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:59
  28. The BONEBRIDGE (MED-EL, Innsbruck, Austria) is a bone-conduction implant used in the treatment of conductive and mixed hearing loss. The BONEBRIDGE consists of an external audio processor and a bone-conduction...

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Rohani, Mandolin Li Bartling, Hanif M. Ladak and Sumit K. Agrawal
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:58
  29. Malformations of the temporal bone present different challenges to the implantation of a transcutaneous active bone conduction device, such as Bonebridge (Med-el, Innsbruck, Austria). This study aims to descri...

    Authors: Jinsong Yang, Chunli Zhao, Yujie Liu, Mengdie Gao, Ran Ren, Danni Wang, Zhigang Huang and Shouqin Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:57
  30. The lack of objective data makes it difficult to establish the prognostic value of chemosensitive disorders in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We aimed to prospectively monitor patients diagnosed...

    Authors: Luigi Angelo Vaira, Claire Hopkins, Marzia Petrocelli, Jerome R. Lechien, Damiano Soma, Federica Giovanditto, Davide Rizzo, Giovanni Salzano, Pasquale Piombino, Sven Saussez and Giacomo De Riu
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:56
  31. Second branchial cleft fistulae are rare pediatric anomalies managed with surgical excision and, in certain cases, ipsilateral tonsillectomy to prevent postoperative recurrence or wound infection. Limited info...

    Authors: Abhita Reddy, Taher Valika and John Maddalozzo
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:55
  32. To identify and describe the dynamic features of velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome relative to patients with non-syndromic cleft palates.

    Authors: Sebastiano Failla, Peng You, Chandheeb Rajakumar, Anne Dworschak-Stokan, Philip C. Doyle and Murad Husein
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:54
  33. The SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID19) pandemic has placed extreme pressures on the Canadian Healthcare system. Many health care regions in Canada have cancelled or limited surgical and non-surgical interventions on p...

    Authors: Daniel A. O’Connell, Hadi Seikaly, Andre Isaac, Justin Pyne, Robert D. Hart, David Goldstein and John Yoo
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:53
  34. Operating room (OR) efficiency is related to minutes spared from surgical time and has been linked to the make up of surgical teams and operating room workplace. The research on the efficiency of surgical nurs...

    Authors: Kaishan Aravinthan, Connor Holmes, Sreejit P. Nair, Anil R. Sharma and Russell A. Murphy
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:52
  35. Frailty is linked to perioperative morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the impact of preoperative frailty on inpatient outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for thyroid malignancy.

    Authors: Dong Xu, Mengjia Fei, Yi Lai, Yuling Shen and Jiaqing Zhou
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:51
  36. Benign vocal fold lesions identified in professional voice users, frequently require further treatment after failure of conservative measures. The role of vocal fold steroid injection as a treatment option for...

    Authors: Mohamed Al-Ali and Jennifer Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:50
  37. To describe indications for injection augmentation (IA), endoscopic repair (ER) and conservative methods for the management of type 1 laryngeal cleft (LC1) and propose a management algorithm. We also aimed to ...

    Authors: Andre Isaac, Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen and Hamdy El-Hakim
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:49
  38. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignancy of the salivary glands, accounting for ~ 1% of malignant tumors of the head and neck region and 10% of salivary gland neoplasms. Predicting t...

    Authors: Susan Park, Manali Vora, Annemieke van Zante, Joseph Humtsoe, Hyun-Su Kim, Sue Yom, Shweta Agarwal and Patrick Ha
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:48
  39. Homeless individuals frequently experience poor access to healthcare, delayed clinical presentation, and higher disease burden. Providing subspecialty otolaryngology care to this population can be challenging....

    Authors: Vincent Wu, Christopher W. Noel, David Forner, Florence Mok, Molly Zirkle, Antoine Eskander, Vincent Lin and John M. Lee
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:47
  40. With an increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and more favourable survival outcomes, there is now a population of head and neck cancer...

    Authors: Jin Soo Song, Patrick Vallance, Vincent Biron and Caroline C. Jeffery
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:46
  41. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a rare genetic disease involving multiple tumors of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Most patients with NF2 have bilateral vestibular schwannomas; nonvestibular sch...

    Authors: Wei-Che Lan, Yu Aoh, Rui-Yun Chen, Hui-Chi Tien and Chia-Der Lin
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:45
  42. The purpose of this study is to determine if removal of ethmoid cell septations as commonly performed in endoscopic sinus surgery leads to a change in orbital wall fracture patterns and the force required to c...

    Authors: Leigh J Sowerby, Matthew S. Harris, Rootu Joshi, Marjorie Johnson, Tom Jenkyn and Corey C. Moore
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:44
  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea Ambrus, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Szabó, Béla Vasas, István Sziller and László Rovó
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:43

    The original article was published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:34

  44. Care pathways (CPs) are helpful in reducing unwanted variation in clinical care. Most studies of CPs show they improve clinical outcomes but there is little known about the long-term impact of CPs as part of a...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Shamir Chandarana, Christiaan Schrag, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

  45. Care pathways (CPs) offer a proven method of systematically improving patient care. CPs are particularly helpful in complex clinical conditions where variation in care is a problem such as patients undergoing ...

    Authors: Joseph C. Dort, Khara M. Sauro, Christiaan Schrag, Shamir Chandarana, Jennifer Matthews, Steven Nakoneshny, Vida Manoloto, Tanya Miller, C. David McKenzie, Robert D. Hart and T. Wayne Matthews
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:41

    The Original research article to this article has been published in Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:42

  46. RAAPID (Referral, Access, Advice, Placement, Information, and Destination) is a 24-h call center in Alberta, Canada, facilitating urgent telephone consultations between physicians and specialists. We evaluated...

    Authors: Peter George Jaminal Tian, Dean Eurich, Hadi Seikaly, Douglas Boisvert, John Montpetit and Jeffrey Harris
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:39
  47. Surgical correction of caudal septal deviation is a technically challenging step of functional rhinoplasty. Multiple surgical techniques have been described in the literature but comparing the efficacy of each...

    Authors: Béatrice Voizard, Mélanie Theriault, Selma Lazizi and Sami P. Moubayed
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:38
  48. Brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) plays an important role in cochlear development so it is plausible that it could restore hearing loss if delivered directly into the cochlea. We wished to confirm our p...

    Authors: Brian W. Blakley, Michael Seaman and Abdulrahman Alenezi
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:37
  49. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a predilection for infecting the mucosa of the upper and lower airways. Otolaryng...

    Authors: Marc J. W. Lammers, Jane Lea and Brian D. Westerberg
    Citation: Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery 2020 49:36